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Atomic Structure of Magnesium

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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Magnesium. Atomic Properties of Magnesium </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
12
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89
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The electron configuration of Magnesium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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The hexagonal crystal system consists of the 7 point groups such that all their space groups have the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice. The hexagonal crystal family consists of the 12 point groups such that at least one of their space groups has theHexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
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Images of crystal lattice of Magnesium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Magnesium Metal. Atom of Magnesium
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Magnesium. Number of Protons
12
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88
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Magnesium. Number of Neutrons
12
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67
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Magnesium. Number of Electrons
12
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88
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Radius of an Atom of Magnesium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Magnesium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
160.00 pm
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27
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The covalent radius of Magnesium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
141.00 pm
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43
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The Van der Waals Radius of Magnesium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
173.00 pm
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37
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
24.31 amu
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83
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Atomic Volume of Magnesium means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
13.97 cm3/mol
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37
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Magnesium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
40.00 (-eV)
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47
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
320.94 pm
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54
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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Magnesium Atomic Structure

Magnesium atomic structure provides properties of its atom. Atomic structure of Magnesium includes atomic number, atomic weight, electron configuration, atomic radius, etc. The atom or the nucleus of this metal consists of 12 protons, 12 neutrons and 12 electrons. Apart from the atomic structure of Magnesium, you can find amazing information and interesting Facts About Magnesium. The lattice constant and lattice Angles, refers to the physical dimension of its unit cells. 3D lattices generally have three lattice constants which are commonly referred as a, b, and c and their respective values are π/2, π/2, 2 π/3 and its constat's value is 320.94 pm.

Magnesium Atomic Number

The atomic number of Magnesium is 12. Magnesium atomic number signifies the total number of protons or electrons present inside its atom. Under normal conditions, the number of electrons and protons are equal, making the net charge of an atom return to zero. Atomic structure of Magnesium depends upon the total number of electrons, neutrons and protons present in its nucleus. Atomic number largely determines the atomic size, electronegativity, valency and other such factors. Atomic weight is the weight of the atom as whole, the weight corresponding to all the atomic particles. The atomic weight of Magnesium is 24.31 amu whereas its volume is 13.97 cm3/mol. Atomic radius of Magnesium is 160.00 pm and its covalent radius is 141.00 pm.

Magnesium Electron Configuration

Magnesium electron configuration explains the electron distribution in different orbits of the atom. The electron configuration plays a significant role in determining the position of Magnesium In Periodic Table. The electron configuration of Magnesium is [Ne] 3s2. The value of valence electron potential of this element is 40.00 (-eV). It is calculated using (-eV)= kn/r equation.

Crystal Structure of Magnesium

Crystal structure of Magnesium plays an important role in determining the other Physical Properties of Magnesium. Its crystal structure shows the unique arrangement of atoms inside a crystal which helps in deconding the atomic structure of Magnesium metal. Magnesium crystal structure is Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP). The hexagonal crystal system consists of the 7 point groups such that all their space groups have the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice. The hexagonal crystal family consists of the 12 point groups such that at least one of their space groups has the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice, and is the union of the hexagonal crystal system and the trigonal crystal All these atomic properties of Magnesium are related to its atomic structure.