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Atomic Structure of Sodium

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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Sodium. Atomic Properties of Sodium </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
11
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90
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The electron configuration of Sodium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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BCC is a basis type of cubic crystal structure. In crystallography, the cubic crystals structure is a crystal system where the unit cell has a cube shaped structure. This is one of the simplest crystal structure found in crystals of metal.Body Centered Cubic (BCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Sodium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Sodium Metal. Atom of Sodium
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Sodium. Number of Protons
11
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89
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Sodium. Number of Neutrons
12
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67
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Sodium. Number of Electrons
11
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89
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Radius of an Atom of Sodium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Sodium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
186.00 pm
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9
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The covalent radius of Sodium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
166.00 pm
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27
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The Van der Waals Radius of Sodium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
227.00 pm
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21
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
22.99 amu
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84
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Atomic Volume of Sodium means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
23.70 cm3/mol
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10
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Sodium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
14.10 (-eV)
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61
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
429.06 pm
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19
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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Sodium Atomic Structure

Sodium atomic structure provides properties of its atom. Atomic structure of Sodium includes atomic number, atomic weight, electron configuration, atomic radius, etc. The atom or the nucleus of this metal consists of 11 protons, 12 neutrons and 11 electrons. Apart from the atomic structure of Sodium, you can find amazing information and interesting Facts About Sodium. The lattice constant and lattice Angles, refers to the physical dimension of its unit cells. 3D lattices generally have three lattice constants which are commonly referred as a, b, and c and their respective values are π/2, π/2, π/2 and its constat's value is 429.06 pm.

Sodium Atomic Number

The atomic number of Sodium is 11. Sodium atomic number signifies the total number of protons or electrons present inside its atom. Under normal conditions, the number of electrons and protons are equal, making the net charge of an atom return to zero. Atomic structure of Sodium depends upon the total number of electrons, neutrons and protons present in its nucleus. Atomic number largely determines the atomic size, electronegativity, valency and other such factors. Atomic weight is the weight of the atom as whole, the weight corresponding to all the atomic particles. The atomic weight of Sodium is 22.99 amu whereas its volume is 23.70 cm3/mol. Atomic radius of Sodium is 186.00 pm and its covalent radius is 166.00 pm.

Sodium Electron Configuration

Sodium electron configuration explains the electron distribution in different orbits of the atom. The electron configuration plays a significant role in determining the position of Sodium In Periodic Table. The electron configuration of Sodium is [Ne] 3s1. The value of valence electron potential of this element is 14.10 (-eV). It is calculated using (-eV)= kn/r equation.

Crystal Structure of Sodium

Crystal structure of Sodium plays an important role in determining the other Physical Properties of Sodium. Its crystal structure shows the unique arrangement of atoms inside a crystal which helps in deconding the atomic structure of Sodium metal. Sodium crystal structure is Body Centered Cubic (BCC). BCC is a basis type of cubic crystal structure. In crystallography, the cubic crystals structure is a crystal system where the unit cell has a cube shaped structure. This is one of the simplest crystal structure found in crystals of metal. All these atomic properties of Sodium are related to its atomic structure.