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Atomic Structure of Thorium

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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Thorium. Atomic Properties of Thorium </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
90
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28
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The electron configuration of Thorium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Rn] 6d2 7s2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Thorium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Thorium Metal. Atom of Thorium
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Thorium. Number of Protons
90
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28
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Thorium. Number of Neutrons
142
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16
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Thorium. Number of Electrons
90
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28
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Radius of an Atom of Thorium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Thorium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
179.80 pm
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15
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The covalent radius of Thorium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
206.00 pm
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7
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The Van der Waals Radius of Thorium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
237.00 pm
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15
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
232.04 amu
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23
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Atomic Volume of Thorium means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
19.90 cm3/mol
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20
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Thorium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
59.30 (-eV)
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23
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
508.42 pm
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14
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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Thorium Atomic Structure

Thorium atomic structure provides properties of its atom. Atomic structure of Thorium includes atomic number, atomic weight, electron configuration, atomic radius, etc. The atom or the nucleus of this metal consists of 90 protons, 142 neutrons and 90 electrons. Apart from the atomic structure of Thorium, you can find amazing information and interesting Facts About Thorium. The lattice constant and lattice Angles, refers to the physical dimension of its unit cells. 3D lattices generally have three lattice constants which are commonly referred as a, b, and c and their respective values are π/2, π/2, π/2 and its constat's value is 508.42 pm.

Thorium Atomic Number

The atomic number of Thorium is 90. Thorium atomic number signifies the total number of protons or electrons present inside its atom. Under normal conditions, the number of electrons and protons are equal, making the net charge of an atom return to zero. Atomic structure of Thorium depends upon the total number of electrons, neutrons and protons present in its nucleus. Atomic number largely determines the atomic size, electronegativity, valency and other such factors. Atomic weight is the weight of the atom as whole, the weight corresponding to all the atomic particles. The atomic weight of Thorium is 232.04 amu whereas its volume is 19.90 cm3/mol. Atomic radius of Thorium is 179.80 pm and its covalent radius is 206.00 pm.

Thorium Electron Configuration

Thorium electron configuration explains the electron distribution in different orbits of the atom. The electron configuration plays a significant role in determining the position of Thorium In Periodic Table. The electron configuration of Thorium is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. The value of valence electron potential of this element is 59.30 (-eV). It is calculated using (-eV)= kn/r equation.

Crystal Structure of Thorium

Crystal structure of Thorium plays an important role in determining the other Physical Properties of Thorium. Its crystal structure shows the unique arrangement of atoms inside a crystal which helps in deconding the atomic structure of Thorium metal. Thorium crystal structure is Face Centered Cubic (FCC). FCC is a basis type of cubic crystal structure. In crystallography, the cubic crystals structure is a crystal system where the unit cell has a cube shaped structure. This is one of the simplest crystal structure found in crystals of metal. All these atomic properties of Thorium are related to its atomic structure.