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Gold vs Silver

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Gold & Silver which helps identifying them in periodic table. Symbol
Au
Ag
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Group number of Gold & Silver is their vertical column numbers in periodic table. Group Number
11
7
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11
7
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Gold & Silver in periodic table. Period Number
6
5
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Gold & Silver, then you are at the right place. Facts </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Gold & Silver. Interesting Facts
  • It is found in copper ores and from the crust of the earth.
  • It is the most malleable and ductile metal.
  • Gold alloys are used in Dentistry as fillings, crowning, clips, etc. It is also used as an artificial limb joints.
  • It is the most reflective element.
  • Silver is the second most ductile metal after Gold.
  • It is also used in Dentistry as a dental alloys for clips and crowning.
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List of different sources of Gold & Silver. Sources
  • Earth's crust
  • Mining
  • Ores of metals
  • Earth's crust
  • Found in Minerals
  • Ores of metals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Gold & Silver. History
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You might be wondering who discovered Gold & Silver? Who Discovered
Unknown
Unknown
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Metals discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
Before 6000 BCE
Before 5000 BC
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Different uses and benefits of Gold & Silver. Uses </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • Gold metal is mainly used for Jewelry, bullion, coinage, etc.
  • It is used in the art, decoration, ornaments, etc. It is also used for electroplating process.
  • Silver is mainly used for Jewelry and show piece.
  • It is used for manufacturing high quality mirrors due to its reflectivity property.
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List of industrial uses of Gold & Silver. Industrial Uses
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    This metal is used in clothing industry where it is used in different procedure involved in textile industry.Clothing Industry
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    This metal is used in clothing industry where it is used in different procedure involved in textile industry.Clothing Industry
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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Biological properties of Gold & Silver. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Gold & Silver. Toxicity
Non Toxic
Non Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Gold & Silver. These properties are mostly related to their appearance and surface. Physical Properties </> More »
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The temperature at which Gold & Silver start melting. Melting Point
1,064.43 °C
42
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961.93 °C
47
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The temperature at which Gold & Silver starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which these metals start converting into vapors. Boiling Point
2,807.00 °C
36
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2,212.00 °C
49
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Gold & Silver is described here. Appearance
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Physical state or phase of Gold & Silver at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Gold & Gold metal at raw state? Color
Gold
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Gold & Silver. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
2,030.00 m/s
44
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2,680.00 m/s
34
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Chemical Properties or characteristics of Gold & Silver are listed here. Chemical Properties </> More »
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Chemical Formula or atomic symbol of Gold & Silver. This symbols are very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of these metals. Chemical Formula
Au
Ag
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
2.54
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1.93
9
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
Not Available
1.83
11
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Gold & Silver. Pauling Electropositivity
1.46
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2.07
44
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Gold & Silver. Atomic Properties </> More »
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Atomic numbers of Gold & Silver are the number of protons present in their respective atoms. Atomic Number
79
37
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47
65
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The electron configurations of Gold & Silver will help you understand distribution of their electrons of an atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Gold & Silver. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Gold & Silver. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Gold & Silver can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
151.00 pm
32
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144.00 pm
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of both these metals. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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Mechanical Properties of Gold & Silver. These properties test the mechanical strength of these metals. Mechanical Properties </> More »
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The density of Gold & Silver is a relationship between the mass of the Gold atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density
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Gold & Silver density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
19.30 g/cm3
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10.49 g/cm3
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of their elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Gold & Silver is a measure of their elastic properties. Shear Modulus
27.00 GPa
27
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30.00 GPa
23
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Bulk Modulus of Gold & Silver is a measure of their elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
180.00 GPa
9
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100.00 GPa
16
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Young’s Modulus of Gold & Silver is a measure of their elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
79.00 GPa
24
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83.00 GPa
23
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List of different magnetic properties of Gold & Silver. Magnetic Properties </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Gold & Silver. Magnetic Characteristics
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
19.32
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10.50
26
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Magnetic Ordering of Gold & Silver defines their magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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Electrical properties and significance of Gold & Silver. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Gold & Silver defines their electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
2.20 nΩ·m
53
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15.87 nΩ·m
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
222.80 kJ/mol
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125.60 kJ/mol
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Gold & Silver. Thermal Properties </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.13 J/(kg K)
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0.24 J/(kg K)
25
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
318.00 W/m·K
3
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429.00 W/m·K
1
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
14.20 µm/(m·K)
26
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18.90 µm/(m·K)
23
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Compare Gold vs Silver

Compare Gold vs Silver on the basis of their different properties and periodic table facts. Differences between metals exist on the grounds of their chemical, atomic, electromagnetic properties and biological uses. These dissimilarities should be well known while you study these metals. We provide you with detailed Gold (Au) vs Silver (Ag) comparison furnishing most reliable information about their properties, distinguishing facts, uses, etc. Their periodic table facts help you explore a plethora of information about their electronegativities, oxidation potentials, atomic shells and orbitals, physical states, electrical conductivity and so on.

Compare Properties of Gold vs Silver

In this section, we are going to compare properties of Gold vs Silver. The physical and chemical properties are two significant parameters which define the dissimilarities during their comparison. The Chemical Properties of Gold and Silver are more related to their inner characteristics and atomic structure. Physical Properties of Gold and Silver are generally related to their outer superficial properties and appearance. At room temperature, Gold is a Gold colored Solid which posess Metallic luster and on the other hand Silver is a Gold colored Solid which posess Metallic lustours metal. Atomic number of Gold and Silver are 79 and 47 whereas their respective atomic symbols/icons are Au and Ag. Density of Gold and Silver at room temperature are 19.30 g/cm3 and 10.49 g/cm3.

Modern Periodic Table of Elements

Modern Periodic Table of Elements
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og

History of Gold vs Silver

History of Gold vs Silver includes information about their origin & discovery. Wondering who discovered both these metals and when? Gold Metal was discovered by Unknown Before 6000 BCE whereas Silver Metal was discovered by Unknown Before 5000 BC. Discovery dates of most of the metals are predicted, since the exact date and origin of metals is not known.