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Palladium vs Platinum

swap <> Platinum vs Palladium
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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Palladium & Platinum which helps identifying them in periodic table. Symbol
Pd
Pt
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Group number of Palladium & Platinum is their vertical column numbers in periodic table. Group Number
10
8
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10
8
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Palladium & Platinum in periodic table. Period Number
5
6
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Palladium & Platinum, then you are at the right place. Facts </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Palladium & Platinum. Interesting Facts
  • Palladium alloys are used for Jewelry contains (95% Palladium and 5% Ruthenium)
  • In the late 1800s, Palladium metal used have more economical value than the Platinum metal.
  • Palladium element is known as a good catalyst
  • Platinum is the rarest metal from the Precious metal categories..
  • Commercially Platinum is produced as a byproduct in ores of nickel.
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List of different sources of Palladium & Platinum. Sources
Ores of metals
  • Mining
  • Ores of metals
  • Ores of Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Palladium & Platinum. History
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You might be wondering who discovered Palladium & Platinum? Who Discovered
William Hyde Wollaston
Antonio de Ulloa
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Metals discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1803
In 1735
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Different uses and benefits of Palladium & Platinum. Uses </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • Mostly palladium metal is used in catalytic converters. In electronic industry it is used in ceramic capacitors of mobile and computer.
  • It is used in jewellery and dental fillings and crowns.
  • Platinum metal is mainly used in jewellery.
  • Platinum is used as an industrial catalyst in production of nitric acid, silicone and benzene.
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List of industrial uses of Palladium & Platinum. Industrial Uses
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    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
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    Automobile industry requires a very wide variety of raw materials for their production. This metal is used in this industry for making different parts of Automobile.Automobile Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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Biological properties of Palladium & Platinum. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Palladium & Platinum. Toxicity
Toxic
Non Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Palladium & Platinum. These properties are mostly related to their appearance and surface. Physical Properties </> More »
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The temperature at which Palladium & Platinum start melting. Melting Point
1,554.90 °C
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1,772.00 °C
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The temperature at which Palladium & Platinum starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which these metals start converting into vapors. Boiling Point
2,963.00 °C
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3,827.00 °C
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Palladium & Platinum is described here. Appearance
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Physical state or phase of Palladium & Platinum at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Palladium & Palladium metal at raw state? Color
Silver
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Palladium & Platinum. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
3,070.00 m/s
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2,800.00 m/s
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Chemical Properties or characteristics of Palladium & Platinum are listed here. Chemical Properties </> More »
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Chemical Formula or atomic symbol of Palladium & Platinum. This symbols are very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of these metals. Chemical Formula
Pd
Pt
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
2.20
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2.28
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Palladium & Platinum. Pauling Electropositivity
1.80
49
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1.72
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Palladium & Platinum. Atomic Properties </> More »
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Atomic numbers of Palladium & Platinum are the number of protons present in their respective atoms. Atomic Number
46
66
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78
38
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The electron configurations of Palladium & Platinum will help you understand distribution of their electrons of an atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d10
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Palladium & Platinum. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Palladium & Platinum. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Palladium & Platinum can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
137.00 pm
40
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139.00 pm
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of both these metals. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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Mechanical Properties of Palladium & Platinum. These properties test the mechanical strength of these metals. Mechanical Properties </> More »
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The density of Palladium & Platinum is a relationship between the mass of the Palladium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density
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Palladium & Platinum density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
12.02 g/cm3
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21.45 g/cm3
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of their elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Palladium & Platinum is a measure of their elastic properties. Shear Modulus
44.00 GPa
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61.00 GPa
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Bulk Modulus of Palladium & Platinum is a measure of their elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
180.00 GPa
9
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230.00 GPa
6
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Young’s Modulus of Palladium & Platinum is a measure of their elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
121.00 GPa
16
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168.00 GPa
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List of different magnetic properties of Palladium & Platinum. Magnetic Properties </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Palladium & Platinum. Magnetic Characteristics
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
12.02
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21.45
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Magnetic Ordering of Palladium & Platinum defines their magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
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Electrical properties and significance of Palladium & Platinum. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Palladium & Platinum defines their electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
105.40 nΩ·m
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105.00 nΩ·m
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
54.23 kJ/mol
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205.30 kJ/mol
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Palladium & Platinum. Thermal Properties </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.24 J/(kg K)
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0.13 J/(kg K)
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
71.80 W/m·K
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71.60 W/m·K
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
11.80 µm/(m·K)
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8.80 µm/(m·K)
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Compare Palladium vs Platinum

Compare Palladium vs Platinum on the basis of their different properties and periodic table facts. Differences between metals exist on the grounds of their chemical, atomic, electromagnetic properties and biological uses. These dissimilarities should be well known while you study these metals. We provide you with detailed Palladium (Pd) vs Platinum (Pt) comparison furnishing most reliable information about their properties, distinguishing facts, uses, etc. Their periodic table facts help you explore a plethora of information about their electronegativities, oxidation potentials, atomic shells and orbitals, physical states, electrical conductivity and so on.

Compare Properties of Palladium vs Platinum

In this section, we are going to compare properties of Palladium vs Platinum. The physical and chemical properties are two significant parameters which define the dissimilarities during their comparison. The Chemical Properties of Palladium and Platinum are more related to their inner characteristics and atomic structure. Physical Properties of Palladium and Platinum are generally related to their outer superficial properties and appearance. At room temperature, Palladium is a Silver colored Solid which posess Metallic luster and on the other hand Platinum is a Silver colored Solid which posess Metallic lustours metal. Atomic number of Palladium and Platinum are 46 and 78 whereas their respective atomic symbols/icons are Pd and Pt. Density of Palladium and Platinum at room temperature are 12.02 g/cm3 and 21.45 g/cm3.

Modern Periodic Table of Elements

Modern Periodic Table of Elements
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og

History of Palladium vs Platinum

History of Palladium vs Platinum includes information about their origin & discovery. Wondering who discovered both these metals and when? Palladium Metal was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston In 1803 whereas Platinum Metal was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa In 1735. Discovery dates of most of the metals are predicted, since the exact date and origin of metals is not known.