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Palladium vs Platinum

swap <> Platinum vs Palladium
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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Periodic Table </>
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It’s an atomic symbol of Palladium & Platinum which helps identifying them in periodic table. Symbol
Pd
Pt
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Group number of Palladium & Platinum is their vertical column numbers in periodic table. Group Number
10
8
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10
8
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Palladium & Platinum in periodic table. Period Number
5
6
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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The Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) is part of the American Chemical Society and maintains a database of chemical compounds and sequences. and each element has its unique identification number known as CAS number. CAS Number
7440053
74
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7440064
73
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of the symmetry of the crystal. Space Group Name
Fm_ 3m
Fm_ 3m
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of thesymmetry of the crystal. Space Group Number
225.00
2
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225.00
2
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Palladium & Platinum, then you are at the right place. Facts </>
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Palladium & Platinum. Interesting Facts
  • Palladium alloys are used for Jewelry contains (95% Palladium and 5% Ruthenium)
  • In the late 1800s, Palladium metal used have more economical value than the Platinum metal.
  • Palladium element is known as a good catalyst
  • Platinum is the rarest metal from the Precious metal categories..
  • Commercially Platinum is produced as a byproduct in ores of nickel.
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List of different sources of Palladium & Platinum. Sources
Ores of metals
  • Mining
  • Ores of metals
  • Ores of Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Palladium & Platinum. History
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You might be wondering who discovered Palladium & Platinum? Who Discovered
William Hyde Wollaston
Antonio de Ulloa
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Metals discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1803
In 1735
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Abundance percentage of Palladium At various places. This will give you an idea about their Abundances. Abundance
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Abundance percentage of Palladium & Platinum in Universe. Abundance In Universe
0.00 %
22
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0.00 %
19
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Abundance percentage of Palladium & Platinum in Sun. Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
25
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0.00 %
20
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Abundance percentage of Palladium & Platinum in Meteorites. Abundance In Meteorites
0.00 %
51
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0.00 %
25
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Abundance percentage of Palladium & Platinum in Earth’s Crust. Abundance In Earth’s Crust
0.00 %
48
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0.00 %
49
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Different uses and benefits of Palladium & Platinum. Uses </>
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • Mostly palladium metal is used in catalytic converters. In electronic industry it is used in ceramic capacitors of mobile and computer.
  • It is used in jewellery and dental fillings and crowns.
  • Platinum metal is mainly used in jewellery.
  • Platinum is used as an industrial catalyst in production of nitric acid, silicone and benzene.
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List of industrial uses of Palladium & Platinum. Industrial Uses
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    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
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    Automobile industry requires a very wide variety of raw materials for their production. This metal is used in this industry for making different parts of Automobile.Automobile Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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List of medical uses of Palladium & Platinum. Medical Uses
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    Dentistry is a branch of medicine that is involved in the study/diagnosis/prevention/treatment of oral diseases.Dentistry
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    This metal is used in the pharmaceutical industry and helps to develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals for use as medications.Pharmaceutical Industry
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    Used for manufacturing surgical instruments.Surgical Instruments Manufacturing
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    Dentistry is a branch of medicine that is involved in the study/diagnosis/prevention/treatment of oral diseases.Dentistry
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    This metal is used in the pharmaceutical industry and helps to develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals for use as medications.Pharmaceutical Industry
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    Used for manufacturing surgical instruments.Surgical Instruments Manufacturing
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List of lesser known uses of Palladium & Platinum. Other Uses
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    Historically, many coinage metals (or alloys) are from the three nonradioactive members of group 11 of the periodic table.Coinage
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    The word bullion comes from the French Minister of Finance under Louis the 13th, Claude de Bullion. This metal is used for making bullion which have huge demand in international market.Bullion
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    Precious metals are used in making various types of jewelries.Jewellery
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    An alloy is a mixture of metals or a mixture of a metal and another element. Alloys of this metals are very useful.Alloys
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    The word bullion comes from the French Minister of Finance under Louis the 13th, Claude de Bullion. This metal is used for making bullion which have huge demand in international market.Bullion
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    Historically, many coinage metals (or alloys) are from the three nonradioactive members of group 11 of the periodic table.Coinage
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    Precious metals are used in making various types of jewelries.Jewellery
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    Used for making sculpturesSculptures
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    Used for making artistic statues.Statues
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Biological properties of Palladium & Platinum. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Palladium & Platinum. Toxicity
Toxic
Non Toxic
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Whether both these metals are present in the Human Body? Present in Human Body
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Physical properties or characteristics of Palladium & Platinum. These properties are mostly related to their appearance and surface. Physical Properties </>
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The temperature at which Palladium & Platinum start melting. Melting Point
1,554.90 °C
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1,772.00 °C
16
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The temperature at which Palladium & Platinum starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which these metals start converting into vapors. Boiling Point
2,963.00 °C
33
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3,827.00 °C
15
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Palladium & Platinum is described here. Appearance
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Physical state or phase of Palladium & Platinum at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Palladium & Palladium metal at raw state? Color
Silver
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Palladium & Platinum. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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Hardness of Palladium & Platinum which measures how resistant these metals are to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied. Hardness
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Mohs Hardness of Palladium & Platinum is a scale for measuring their hardness. Mohs Hardness
4.75
9
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3.50
11
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Brinell Hardness of Palladium & Platinum is a scale for measuring their hardness. Brinell Hardness
320.00 MPa
33
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300.00 MPa
34
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Vickers Hardness of Palladium & Platinum is a scale for measuring their hardness. Vickers Hardness
121.00 MPa
36
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400.00 MPa
25
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
3,070.00 m/s
26
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2,800.00 m/s
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Optical Properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of these metals. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
1.72
1
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of there metals. Reflectivity
84.00 %
4
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73.00 %
8
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Allotropes are different structural modifications of an metals; the atoms of the metals are bonded together with the help of different crystal structure. Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these alpha allotropes of these metals are listed here. α Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these beta allotropes of these metals are listed here. β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these gamma allotropes of these metals are listed here. γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
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Chemical Properties or characteristics of Palladium & Platinum are listed here. Chemical Properties </>
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Chemical Formula or atomic symbol of Palladium & Platinum. This symbols are very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of these metals. Chemical Formula
Pd
Pt
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Isotopes of Palladium & Platinum are their variants, which differ in neutron number present inside the nucleus. Isotopes
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The total number of known Isotopes of Palladium & Platinum. Known Isotopes
38
1
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35
4
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
2.20
4
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2.28
3
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Allred Rochow Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.35
21
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1.44
17
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Allen Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allen Electronegativity
1.59
22
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1.72
16
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Palladium & Platinum. Pauling Electropositivity
1.80
49
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1.72
50
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The ionization energy (IE) or the ionization potential is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation. Ionization Energies
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1st energy level of Palladium & Platinum. 1st Energy Level
520.23 kJ/mol
80
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870.00 kJ/mol
10
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2nd energy level of Palladium & Platinum. 2nd Energy Level
7,298.22 kJ/mol
2
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1,791.00 kJ/mol
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3rd energy level of Palladium & Platinum. 3rd Energy Level
11,815.13 kJ/mol
3
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The electrochemical equivalent of a Palladium element is the mass of this element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity. The electrochemical equivalent of an element is measured with a voltameter. Electrochemical Equivalent
1.99 g/amp-hr
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1.82 g/amp-hr
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Electron work function of Palladium is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface. Electron Work Function
5.12 eV
3
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5.65 eV
1
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List of all chemical properties/characteristics/behavior of Palladium & Platinum. Other Chemical Properties
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Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
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Corrosion is a process which converts refined metals to their more stable forms, for example, its oxide and hydroxide. This process of metals getting corroded is a gradual destruction of metals by chemical reactions.Corrosion, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility
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Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
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Anti-corrosion metals have the protection on their surfaces which protect them from corroding in corrosive environments.Anti Corrosion, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Palladium & Platinum. Atomic Properties </>
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Atomic numbers of Palladium & Platinum are the number of protons present in their respective atoms. Atomic Number
46
66
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78
38
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The electron configurations of Palladium & Platinum will help you understand distribution of their electrons of an atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d10
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Palladium & Platinum. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of these metals. Atom
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Number of Protons present in the nucleus of Palladium & Platinum. Number of Protons
46
65
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78
38
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Palladium & Platinum. Number of Neutrons
60
49
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117
25
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Palladium & Platinum. Number of Electrons
46
65
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78
38
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Radius of an Atom of Palladium & Platinum. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Palladium & Platinum can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
137.00 pm
40
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139.00 pm
39
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The covalent radius of Palladium & Platinum can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
139.00 pm
45
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136.00 pm
46
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The Van der Waals Radius of Palladium & Platinum can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
163.00 pm
40
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175.00 pm
36
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
106.42 amu
60
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47.87 amu
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Atomic Volume of Palladium & Platinum means volume of their individual atoms. Atomic Volume
8.90 cm3/mol
54
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9.09 cm3/mol
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of both these metals. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
33.00 (-eV)
51
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392.42 (-eV)
1
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
389.07 pm
25
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392.42 pm
24
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
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Mechanical Properties of Palladium & Platinum. These properties test the mechanical strength of these metals. Mechanical Properties </>
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The density of Palladium & Platinum is a relationship between the mass of the Palladium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density
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Palladium & Platinum density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
12.02 g/cm3
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21.45 g/cm3
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Palladium & Platinumdensity When at liquid state (at m.p.). Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
10.38 g/cm3
17
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19.77 g/cm3
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Tensile strength is a measurement of the force required to pull something such as rope, wire, or a structural beam to the point where it breaks. Tensile Strength
Not Available
125.00 MPa
14
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. Viscosity
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system. Vapor Pressure
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Vapor Pressure of Palladium & Platinum at temperature 1000 K. Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
0.00 (Pa)
27
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Vapor Pressure of Palladium & Platinum at temperature 2000 K. Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
0.00 (Pa)
30
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0.07 (Pa)
18
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of their elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Palladium & Platinum is a measure of their elastic properties. Shear Modulus
44.00 GPa
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61.00 GPa
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Bulk Modulus of Palladium & Platinum is a measure of their elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
180.00 GPa
9
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230.00 GPa
6
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Young’s Modulus of Palladium & Platinum is a measure of their elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
121.00 GPa
16
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168.00 GPa
14
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Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. Poisson Ratio
0.39
5
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0.38
6
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Whether these metals exhibit properties like ductility, malleability, weldability, sectility, etc. Other Mechanical Properties
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Ductility of metals defines their ability to deform under tensile stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to be stretched into a wire.Ductile, 
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Malleability of metals defines their ability to deform under compressive stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling.Malleable, 
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Weldability of metals defines their ability to be welded.This property of metals also known as joinability.Weldable
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Ductility of metals defines their ability to deform under tensile stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to be stretched into a wire.Ductile, 
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Malleability of metals defines their ability to deform under compressive stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling.Malleable
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List of different magnetic properties of Palladium & Platinum. Magnetic Properties </>
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Different Magnetic significance of Palladium & Platinum. Magnetic Characteristics
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
12.02
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21.45
4
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Magnetic Ordering of Palladium & Platinum defines their magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
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Permeability is the ability of a material to become magnetized. Find which metal can be magnetised better! Permeability
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0.00 H/m
3
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Electrical properties and significance of Palladium & Platinum. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Palladium & Platinum defines their electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
105.40 nΩ·m
29
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105.00 nΩ·m
30
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Electrical conductivity is the measure of a material’s ability to accommodate the transport of an electric charge. Electrical Conductivity
0.10 106/cm Ω
22
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0.10 106/cm Ω
21
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
54.23 kJ/mol
17
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205.30 kJ/mol
2
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Palladium & Platinum. Thermal Properties </>
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.24 J/(kg K)
23
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0.13 J/(kg K)
39
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The molar heat capacity is the heat capacity per unit amount (SI unit: mole) of a pure substance. Molar Heat Capacity
25.98 J/mol·K
33
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25.86 J/mol·K
35
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
71.80 W/m·K
23
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71.60 W/m·K
24
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The critical temperature of a substance is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Critical Temperature
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
11.80 µm/(m·K)
33
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8.80 µm/(m·K)
44
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
376.60 kJ/mol
19
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510.50 kJ/mol
11
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The enthalpy of fusion also known as (latent) heat of fusion is the change in enthalpy resulting from heating a given quantity of a substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which this occurs is the melting point. Enthalpy of Fusion
16.74 kJ/mol
18
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19.70 kJ/mol
12
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The enthalpy of atomization (also atomisation in British spelling) is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). Enthalpy of Atomization
393.30 kJ/mol
22
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565.00 kJ/mol
11
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The standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure). Standard Molar Entropy
37.60 J/mol.K
40
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41.60 J/mol.K
36
+
+
📊
+

Compare Palladium vs Platinum

Compare Palladium vs Platinum on the basis of their different properties and periodic table facts. Differences between metals exist on the grounds of their chemical, atomic, electromagnetic properties and biological uses. These dissimilarities should be well known while you study these metals. We provide you with detailed Palladium (Pd) vs Platinum (Pt) comparison furnishing most reliable information about their properties, distinguishing facts, uses, etc. Their periodic table facts help you explore a plethora of information about their electronegativities, oxidation potentials, atomic shells and orbitals, physical states, electrical conductivity and so on.

Compare Properties of Palladium vs Platinum

In this section, we are going to compare properties of Palladium vs Platinum. The physical and chemical properties are two significant parameters which define the dissimilarities during their comparison. The Chemical Properties of Palladium and Platinum are more related to their inner characteristics and atomic structure. Physical Properties of Palladium and Platinum are generally related to their outer superficial properties and appearance. At room temperature, Palladium is a Silver colored Solid which posess Metallic luster and on the other hand Platinum is a Silver colored Solid which posess Metallic lustours metal. Atomic number of Palladium and Platinum are 46 and 78 whereas their respective atomic symbols/icons are Pd and Pt. Density of Palladium and Platinum at room temperature are 12.02 g/cm3 and 21.45 g/cm3.

Modern Periodic Table of Elements

Modern Periodic Table of Elements
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og

History of Palladium vs Platinum

History of Palladium vs Platinum includes information about their origin & discovery. Wondering who discovered both these metals and when? Palladium Metal was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston In 1803 whereas Platinum Metal was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa In 1735. Discovery dates of most of the metals are predicted, since the exact date and origin of metals is not known.