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Properties of Gold and Silver

swap <> Properties of Silver & Gold
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Physical properties or characteristics of Gold & Silver. These properties are mostly related to their appearance and surface. Physical Properties </>
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The temperature at which Gold & Silver start melting. Melting Point
1,064.43 °C
42
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961.93 °C
47
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The temperature at which Gold & Silver starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which these metals start converting into vapors. Boiling Point
2,807.00 °C
36
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2,212.00 °C
49
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Hardness of Gold & Silver which measures how resistant these metals are to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied. Hardness
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Mohs Hardness of Gold & Silver is a scale for measuring their hardness. Mohs Hardness
2.50
14
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2.50
14
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Brinell Hardness of Gold & Silver is a scale for measuring their hardness. Brinell Hardness
194.00 MPa
42
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251.00 MPa
37
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Vickers Hardness of Gold & Silver is a scale for measuring their hardness. Vickers Hardness
216.00 MPa
31
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229.00 MPa
30
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Optical Properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of these metals. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
Not Available
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of there metals. Reflectivity
95.00 %
2
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97.00 %
1
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
2,030.00 m/s
44
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2,680.00 m/s
34
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Allotropes are different structural modifications of an metals; the atoms of the metals are bonded together with the help of different crystal structure. Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these alpha allotropes of these metals are listed here. α Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these beta allotropes of these metals are listed here. β Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these gamma allotropes of these metals are listed here. γ Allotropes
Not Available
Not Available
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Chemical Properties or characteristics of Gold & Silver are listed here. Chemical Properties </>
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Chemical Formula or atomic symbol of Gold & Silver. This symbols are very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of these metals. Chemical Formula
Au
Ag
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Isotopes of Gold & Silver are their variants, which differ in neutron number present inside the nucleus. Isotopes
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The total number of known Isotopes of Gold & Silver. Known Isotopes
36
3
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36
3
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
2.54
1
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1.93
9
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
Not Available
1.83
11
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Allred Rochow Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.42
18
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1.42
18
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Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
1.87
7
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1.47
15
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Allen Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allen Electronegativity
1.92
5
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1.87
7
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Gold & Silver. Pauling Electropositivity
1.46
53
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2.07
44
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The ionization energy (IE) or the ionization potential is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation. Ionization Energies
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1st energy level of Gold & Silver. 1st Energy Level
890.10 kJ/mol
8
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731.00 kJ/mol
27
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2nd energy level of Gold & Silver. 2nd Energy Level
1,980.00 kJ/mol
12
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2,070.00 kJ/mol
11
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3rd energy level of Gold & Silver. 3rd Energy Level
Not Available
3,361.00 kJ/mol
19
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The electrochemical equivalent of a Gold element is the mass of this element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity. The electrochemical equivalent of an element is measured with a voltameter. Electrochemical Equivalent
2.45 g/amp-hr
21
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4.02 g/amp-hr
7
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Electron work function of Gold is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface. Electron Work Function
5.10 eV
4
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4.26 eV
20
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List of all chemical properties/characteristics/behavior of Gold & Silver. Other Chemical Properties
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Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility
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Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility
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Mechanical Properties of Gold & Silver. These properties test the mechanical strength of these metals. Mechanical Properties </>
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The density of Gold & Silver is a relationship between the mass of the Gold atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density
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Gold & Silver density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
19.30 g/cm3
15
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10.49 g/cm3
35
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Gold & Silverdensity When at liquid state (at m.p.). Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
17.31 g/cm3
6
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9.32 g/cm3
21
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system. Vapor Pressure
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Vapor Pressure of Gold & Silver at temperature 1000 K. Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
0.00 (Pa)
23
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0.00 (Pa)
14
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Vapor Pressure of Gold & Silver at temperature 2000 K. Vapor Pressure at 2000 K
67.00 (Pa)
4
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Not Available
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Tensile strength is a measurement of the force required to pull something such as rope, wire, or a structural beam to the point where it breaks. Tensile Strength
120.00 MPa
15
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Not Available
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. Viscosity
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of their elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Gold & Silver is a measure of their elastic properties. Shear Modulus
27.00 GPa
27
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30.00 GPa
23
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Bulk Modulus of Gold & Silver is a measure of their elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
180.00 GPa
9
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100.00 GPa
16
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Young’s Modulus of Gold & Silver is a measure of their elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
79.00 GPa
24
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83.00 GPa
23
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Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. Poisson Ratio
0.40
4
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0.37
7
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Whether these metals exhibit properties like ductility, malleability, weldability, sectility, etc. Other Mechanical Properties
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Ductility of metals defines their ability to deform under tensile stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to be stretched into a wire.Ductile, 
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Malleability of metals defines their ability to deform under compressive stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling.Malleable
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Ductility of metals defines their ability to deform under tensile stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to be stretched into a wire.Ductile, 
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Malleability of metals defines their ability to deform under compressive stress; this is often characterized by the metals ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling.Malleable
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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Periodic Table </>
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It’s an atomic symbol of Gold & Silver which helps identifying them in periodic table. Symbol
Au
Ag
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Group number of Gold & Silver is their vertical column numbers in periodic table. Group Number
11
7
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11
7
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Gold & Silver in periodic table. Period Number
6
5
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Gold & Silver. Atomic Properties </>
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Atomic numbers of Gold & Silver are the number of protons present in their respective atoms. Atomic Number
79
37
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47
65
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
196.97 amu
33
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107.87 amu
59
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Atomic Volume of Gold & Silver means volume of their individual atoms. Atomic Volume
10.20 cm3/mol
48
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10.30 cm3/mol
47
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The electron configurations of Gold & Silver will help you understand distribution of their electrons of an atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
43.40 (-eV)
41
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11.40 (-eV)
62
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of these metals. Atom
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Number of Protons present in the nucleus of Gold & Silver. Number of Protons
79
37
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47
64
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Gold & Silver. Number of Neutrons
118
24
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61
48
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Gold & Silver. Number of Electrons
79
37
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47
64
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Gold & Silver. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Gold & Silver. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Gold & Silver can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
151.00 pm
32
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144.00 pm
36
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The covalent radius of Gold & Silver can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
144.00 pm
40
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145.00 pm
39
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The Van der Waals Radius of Gold & Silver can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
166.00 pm
39
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172.00 pm
38
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
407.82 pm
21
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408.53 pm
20
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
π/2, π/2, π/2
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
1.61
4
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Not Available
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of both these metals. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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List of different magnetic properties of Gold & Silver. Magnetic Properties </>
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Electrical properties and significance of Gold & Silver. Electrical Properties
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
2.20 nΩ·m
53
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15.87 nΩ·m
51
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Electrical conductivity is the measure of a material’s ability to accommodate the transport of an electric charge. Electrical Conductivity
0.45 106/cm Ω
3
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0.63 106/cm Ω
1
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
222.80 kJ/mol
1
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125.60 kJ/mol
5
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Electrical property or nature of Gold & Silver defines their electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Different Magnetic significance of Gold & Silver. Magnetic Characteristics
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
19.32
8
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10.50
26
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Magnetic Ordering of Gold & Silver defines their magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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Permeability is the ability of a material to become magnetized. Find which metal can be magnetised better! Permeability
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Not Available
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Find which metal is magnetizes more if placed in a magnetic field, and how much more? Susceptibility
Not Available
0.00
5
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Gold & Silver. Thermal Properties </>
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.13 J/(kg K)
39
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0.24 J/(kg K)
25
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
318.00 W/m·K
3
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429.00 W/m·K
1
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The critical temperature of a substance is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Critical Temperature
Not Available
Not Available
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The molar heat capacity is the heat capacity per unit amount (SI unit: mole) of a pure substance. Molar Heat Capacity
25.42 J/mol·K
40
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25.35 J/mol·K
42
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
14.20 µm/(m·K)
26
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18.90 µm/(m·K)
23
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The standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure). Standard Molar Entropy
47.40 J/mol.K
32
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42.60 J/mol.K
35
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
324.40 kJ/mol
27
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255.10 kJ/mol
37
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The enthalpy of fusion also known as (latent) heat of fusion is the change in enthalpy resulting from heating a given quantity of a substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which this occurs is the melting point. Enthalpy of Fusion
12.55 kJ/mol
27
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11.30 kJ/mol
31
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The enthalpy of atomization (also atomisation in British spelling) is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). Enthalpy of Atomization
364.00 kJ/mol
25
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284.50 kJ/mol
37
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Compare Properties of Periodic Table

Compare Properties of Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og

Characteristics of Gold and Silver

Different properties of Gold and Silver are explained here with the help of their physical characteristics, chemical characteristics, optical characteristics, magnetic characteristics, thermal characteristics, electrical characteristics, mechanical characteristics and atomic characteristics. Apart from their characteristics, you can explore Facts About Gold and Silver. Gold belongs to Transition Metals whereas Silver belongs to Transition Metal. All these characteristics of Gold and Silver are explained below.

Compare Properties of Gold and Silver

Compare properties of Gold and Silver on the basis of their various characteristics & significance. Melting point of Gold is 1,064.43 °C whereas Silver's is 961.93 °C. At room temperature, the density of Gold is 19.30 g/cm3 and for Silver, it's 10.49 g/cm3. Refractive index of 1st metal is Not Available whereas 2nd is Not Available.

Other properties of Gold and Silver include its thermal, magnetic and electrical properties. Values for electrical resistivity are 2.20 nΩ·m for Gold and 15.87 nΩ·m for Silver. The electrical conductivity of former metal is 0.45 106/cm Ω and of latter is 0.63 106/cm Ω.