Top
Generating Graphs...
Loading...

What is Aluminium?

All Metals

Palladium
Add to compare
Tin
Add to compare
Gold
Add to compare
?
Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Aluminium In Periodic Table </> More »
?
It’s an atomic symbol of Aluminium which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Al
?
Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
13
+
📊
+
5
+
?
Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
3
+
📊
+
?
Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
?
The p-block is on the right side of the periodic table and includes elements from the six columns beginning with column 13 and ending with column 18. Helium, though being in the top of group 18, is not included in the p-block.p block
+
📊
+
?
Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
?
All post transition metals are placed in group number 13, 14 and 15 of periodic table. In fact, they are located between Transition Metals and Metalloids. Post transition metals have very poor mechanical properties.Post-​Transition
+
📊
+
?
Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Aluminium, then you are at the right place. Facts about Aluminium </> More »
?
Bunch of Interesting facts about Aluminium. Interesting Facts
  • Aluminum’s abundance percentage is more as it is found in more than 260 minerals.
  • Pure Aluminum always reacts with oxygen rapidly.
  • It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and used in transmission lines.
?
List of different sources of Aluminium. Sources
  • By Electrolysis Process
  • Earth's crust
  • Mining
?
Lets check out the facts about history of Aluminium. History of Aluminium
?
You might be wondering who discovered Aluminium metal? Who Discovered Aluminium
Hans Christian Oersted
?
Aluminium metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1825
?
Different types of Aluminium Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Aluminium </> More »
?
Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • Aluminum is used in a various products; for example, cans, foils, kitchen utensils, window frames, beer kegs and aero plane parts, automobile parts, etc.
?
List of industrial uses of Aluminium. Industrial Uses
  • ?
    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
  • ?
    Metals are usually used in ammunition industry. This metal is used while making armors and other weapons used in wars.Ammunition Industry
  • ?
    Automobile industry requires a very wide variety of raw materials for their production. This metal is used in this industry for making different parts of Automobile.Automobile Industry
  • ?
    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
  • ?
    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
  • ?
    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
?
Biological properties of Aluminium. Biological Properties
?
Toxicity level of Aluminium metal. Toxicity
Non Toxic
+
📊
+
?
Physical properties or characteristics of Aluminium. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Aluminium </> More »
?
The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
660.37 °C
+
📊
+
60
+
?
The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
2,467.00 °C
+
📊
+
46
+
?
Physical appearance or look and feel of Aluminium is described here. Appearance of Aluminium
?
Physical state or phase of Aluminium at room temperature. Physical State
?
At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
+
📊
+
?
One might wonder, what is the exact color of Aluminium metal in nature? Color
Silvery Gray
+
?
Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Aluminium metal. Luster
?
Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
+
📊
+
?
The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
5,000.00 m/s
+
📊
+
10
+
?
Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Aluminium. Optical Properties
?
Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
+
?
Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
71.00 %
+
📊
+
10
+
?
Chemical properties or characteristics of Aluminium are listed here. Chemical Properties of Aluminium </> More »
?
Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Aluminium. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Al
?
Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
?
Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
1.61
+
📊
+
22
+
?
Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
1.71
+
📊
+
13
+
?
Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
?
Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Aluminium. Pauling Electropositivity
2.39
+
📊
+
32
+
?
Detailed information about the atomic structure of Aluminium. Atomic Properties of Aluminium </> More »
?
Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
13
+
📊
+
88
+
?
The electron configuration of Aluminium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
?
In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
?
In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
+
📊
+
?
Images of crystal lattice of Aluminium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
?
Radius of an Atom of Aluminium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
?
The atomic radius of Aluminium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
143.00 pm
+
📊
+
37
+
?
It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Aluminium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
?
Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
?
Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
?
List of different mechanical properties of Aluminium metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Aluminium </> More »
?
The density of Aluminium metal is a relationship between the mass of the Aluminium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Aluminium
?
Aluminium density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
2.70 g/cm3
+
📊
+
74
+
?
How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
?
Shear Modulus of Aluminium is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
26.00 GPa
+
📊
+
29
+
?
Bulk Modulus of Aluminium is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
76.00 GPa
+
📊
+
18
+
?
Young’s Modulus of Aluminium is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
70.00 GPa
+
📊
+
28
+
?
List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Aluminium. Magnetic Properties of Aluminium </> More »
?
Different Magnetic significance of Aluminium. Magnetic Characteristics of Aluminium
?
Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
2.72
+
📊
+
62
+
?
Magnetic Ordering of Aluminium defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
?
Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
+
📊
+
?
List of different electrical properties and significance of Aluminium. Electrical Properties
?
Electrical property or nature of Aluminium defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
?
Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
+
📊
+
?
Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
28.20 nΩ·m
+
📊
+
49
+
?
Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Aluminium. Thermal Properties of Aluminium </> More »
?
The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.90 J/(kg K)
+
📊
+
5
+
?
Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
237.00 W/m·K
+
📊
+
4
+
?
Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Aluminium
?
The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
293.70 kJ/mol
+
📊
+
31
+

Aluminium Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Aluminium metal is also represented by the symbol Al. This atomic symbol of Aluminium is useful in indicating the position of metal Al in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Aluminium? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Al metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Aluminium

Periodic table of Aluminium comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Aluminium metal belongs to Post Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 13, whereas its period number is 3. It is placed under p block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent p block elements.

Aluminium Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Aluminium are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Aluminium is 13 and its atomic weight is 26.98 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Ne] 3s2 3p1. Nuclear particles in Aluminium atom are 14 neutrons, 13 protons and 13 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Aluminium

Physical and chemical characteristics of Aluminium are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Aluminium include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery Gray Solid. It starts melting at 660.37 °C. All these Aluminium metal properties together define what is Aluminium?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og