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What is Bismuth?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Bismuth In Periodic Table </>
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It’s an atomic symbol of Bismuth which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Bi
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
15
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3
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
6
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The p-block is on the right side of the periodic table and includes elements from the six columns beginning with column 13 and ending with column 18. Helium, though being in the top of group 18, is not included in the p-block.p block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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All post transition metals are placed in group number 13, 14 and 15 of periodic table. In fact, they are located between Transition Metals and Metalloids. Post transition metals have very poor mechanical properties.Post-​Transition
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The Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) is part of the American Chemical Society and maintains a database of chemical compounds and sequences. and each element has its unique identification number known as CAS number. CAS Number
7440699
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22
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of the symmetry of the crystal. Space Group Name
C12/m1
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of thesymmetry of the crystal. Space Group Number
12.00
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12
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Bismuth, then you are at the right place. Facts about Bismuth </>
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Bismuth. Interesting Facts
  • Bismuth metal is soluble and reacts with concentrated nitric acid.
  • It oxides are used as a yellow pigment in paint. Bismuth chloride oxide BiClO gives a pearly texture to cosmetics.
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List of different sources of Bismuth. Sources
  • Found in Minerals
  • Mining
  • Ores of Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Bismuth. History of Bismuth
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You might be wondering who discovered Bismuth metal? Who Discovered Bismuth
Claude François Geoffroy
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Bismuth metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1753
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Abundance percentage of Bismuth metal at various places. This will give you an idea about its Abundance levels. Abundance of Bismuth
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Abundance percentage of Bismuth in Universe. Abundance In Universe
7 * 10-8 %
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25
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Abundance percentage of Bismuth in Sun. Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
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15
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Abundance percentage of Bismuth in Meteorites. Abundance In Meteorites
0.00 %
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42
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Abundance percentage of Bismuth in Earth’s Crust. Abundance In Earth’s Crust
0.00 %
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51
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Abundance percentage of Bismuth in Oceans. Abundance In Oceans
0.00 %
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24
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Different types of Bismuth Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Bismuth </>
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • Tin and bismuth alloys have a very low melting point and hence it is used in fire detector and the fire extinguishers. It also used in electric solders and fuses.
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List of industrial uses of Bismuth. Industrial Uses
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    Automobile industry requires a very wide variety of raw materials for their production. This metal is used in this industry for making different parts of Automobile.Automobile Industry
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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List of medical uses of Bismuth. Medical Uses
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This metal is used in the pharmaceutical industry and helps to develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals for use as medications.Pharmaceutical Industry
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List of lesser known uses of Bismuth metal. Other Uses
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An alloy is a mixture of metals or a mixture of a metal and another element. Alloys of this metals are very useful.Alloys
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Biological properties of Bismuth. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Bismuth metal. Toxicity
Low Toxic
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Whether Bismuth metal is present in the Human Body? Present in Human Body
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What amount of Bismuth is present in human blood normally? In Blood
0.02 Blood/mg dm-3
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20
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What amount of Bismuth is present in human bone normally? In Bone
0.20 p.p.m.
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22
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Physical properties or characteristics of Bismuth. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Bismuth </>
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
271.30 °C
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70
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
1,560.00 °C
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57
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Bismuth is described here. Appearance of Bismuth
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Physical state or phase of Bismuth at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Bismuth metal in nature? Color
Silver
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Bismuth metal. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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Hardness of Bismuth which measures how resistant this metals is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied. Hardness of Bismuth
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Mohs Hardness of Bismuth is a scale for measuring its hardness. Mohs Hardness
2.25
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15
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Brinell Hardness of Bismuth is a scale for measuring their hardness. Brinell Hardness
70.00 MPa
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46
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
1,790.00 m/s
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46
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Bismuth. Optical Properties
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Allotropes are different structural modifications of an metals; the atoms of the metals are bonded together with the help of different crystal structure. Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these alpha allotropes of this metal are listed here. α Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these beta allotropes of this metal are listed here. β Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these gamma allotropes of this metal are listed here. γ Allotropes
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Bismuth are listed here. Chemical Properties of Bismuth </>
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Bismuth. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Bi
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Isotopes of Bismuth are its variants, which differ in neutron number present in the nucleus. Isotopes of Bismuth
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The total number of known Isotopes of this metal. Known Isotopes
33
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6
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
2.02
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6
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
2.34
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3
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Allred Rochow Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.67
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6
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Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
2.15
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4
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Allen Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allen Electronegativity
2.01
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4
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Bismuth. Pauling Electropositivity
1.98
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47
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The ionization energy (IE) or the ionization potential is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation. Ionization Energies
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1st energy level of Bismuth. 1st Energy Level
703.00 kJ/mol
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35
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2nd energy level of Bismuth. 2nd Energy Level
1,610.00 kJ/mol
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33
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3rd energy level of Bismuth. 3rd Energy Level
2,466.00 kJ/mol
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48
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4th energy level of Bismuth. 4th Energy Level
4,370.00 kJ/mol
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28
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5th energy level of Bismuth. 5th Energy Level
5,400.00 kJ/mol
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30
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6th energy level of Bismuth. 6th Energy Level
8,520.00 kJ/mol
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19
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The electrochemical equivalent of a Bismuth element is the mass of this element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity. The electrochemical equivalent of an element is measured with a voltameter. Electrochemical Equivalent
2.60 g/amp-hr
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19
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Electron work function of Bismuth is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface. Electron Work Function
4.22 eV
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22
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List of all chemical properties/characteristics/behavior of Bismuth. Other Chemical Properties
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Radioactive metals emit particles and radiation from their nuclei. This process comes in the picture because their nuclei experience the intense conflict between two strong forces. This metal also have radioactive isotopes.Radioactive Isotopes, 
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Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Bismuth. Atomic Properties of Bismuth </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
83
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33
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The electron configuration of Bismuth is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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Rhombohedral crystal lattice structure comes under trigonal crystal structure. The Rhombohedral crystal structure is a term associated trigonal crystal structure with the rhombohedral lattice.Rhombohedral (RHO)
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Images of crystal lattice of Bismuth. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Bismuth Metal. Atom of Bismuth
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Bismuth. Number of Protons
83
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33
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Bismuth. Number of Neutrons
126
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19
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Bismuth. Number of Electrons
83
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33
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Radius of an Atom of Bismuth. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Bismuth can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
156.00 pm
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29
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The covalent radius of Bismuth can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
148.00 pm
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36
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The Van der Waals Radius of Bismuth can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
207.00 pm
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26
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
208.98 amu
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29
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Atomic Volume of Bismuth means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
21.30 cm3/mol
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14
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Bismuth. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
41.90 (-eV)
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44
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
667.40 pm
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2
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
NA
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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List of different mechanical properties of Bismuth metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Bismuth </>
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The density of Bismuth metal is a relationship between the mass of the Bismuth atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Bismuth
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Bismuth density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
9.78 g/cm3
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39
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Bismuth density When at liquid state (at m.p.). Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
10.05 g/cm3
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18
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Tensile strength is a measurement of the force required to pull something such as rope, wire, or a structural beam to the point where it breaks. Tensile Strength
Not Available
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. Viscosity
Not Available
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system. Vapor Pressure of Bismuth
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Bismuth is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
12.00 GPa
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42
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Bulk Modulus of Bismuth is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
31.00 GPa
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38
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Young’s Modulus of Bismuth is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
32.00 GPa
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44
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Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. Poisson Ratio
0.33
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11
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Whether Bismuth exhibits properties like ductility , malleability, weldability, sectility, etc. Other Mechanical Properties
NA
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Bismuth. Magnetic Properties of Bismuth </>
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Different Magnetic significance of Bismuth. Magnetic Characteristics of Bismuth
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
9.79
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30
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Magnetic Ordering of Bismuth defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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Permeability is the ability of a material to become magnetized. Permeability (μ)
0.00 H/m
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6
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It denotes the degree to which the metal is sensitive to a magnetic field. Bismuth Volumetric Susceptibility
0.00
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6
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Bismuth. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Bismuth defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Semiconductor metals have conductivity between that of a conductor and an insulator.Semiconductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
1.29 nΩ·m
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57
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Electrical conductivity is the measure of a material’s ability to accommodate the transport of an electric charge. Electrical Conductivity
0.01 106/cm Ω
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60
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
91.20 kJ/mol
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11
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Bismuth. Thermal Properties of Bismuth </>
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.12 J/(kg K)
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40
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The molar heat capacity is the heat capacity per unit amount (SI unit: mole) of a pure substance. Molar Heat Capacity
25.52 J/mol·K
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37
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
7.97 W/m·K
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67
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The critical temperature of a substance is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Critical Temperature
Not Available
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
13.40 µm/(m·K)
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28
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Bismuth
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
151.00 kJ/mol
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46
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The enthalpy of fusion also known as (latent) heat of fusion is the change in enthalpy resulting from heating a given quantity of a substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which this occurs is the melting point. Enthalpy of Fusion
10.90 kJ/mol
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33
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The enthalpy of atomization (also atomisation in British spelling) is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). Enthalpy of Atomization
207.10 kJ/mol
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44
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The standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure). Standard Molar Entropy
56.70 J/mol.K
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24
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Bismuth Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Bismuth metal is also represented by the symbol Bi. This atomic symbol of Bismuth is useful in indicating the position of metal Bi in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Bismuth? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Bi metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Bismuth

Periodic table of Bismuth comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Bismuth metal belongs to Post Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 15, whereas its period number is 6. It is placed under p block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent p block elements.

Bismuth Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Bismuth are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Bismuth is 83 and its atomic weight is 208.98 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3. Nuclear particles in Bismuth atom are 126 neutrons, 83 protons and 83 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Bismuth

Physical and chemical characteristics of Bismuth are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Bismuth include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silver Solid. It starts melting at 271.30 °C. All these Bismuth metal properties together define what is Bismuth?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og