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What is Copper?

All Metals

Palladium
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Gold
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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Copper In Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Copper which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Cu
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
11
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7
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
4
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Copper, then you are at the right place. Facts about Copper </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Copper. Interesting Facts
  • Copper rarely found in its pure form in nature.
  • Copper Sulfate is mostly used in agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification system.
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List of different sources of Copper. Sources
Found in Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Copper. History of Copper
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You might be wondering who discovered Copper metal? Who Discovered Copper
Unknown
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Copper metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In Middle East (9000 BCE)
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Different types of Copper Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Copper </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • It is use for coinage and bullion.
  • Most of copper element is used in manufacturing electrical and electronic equipments such as wirings and components. It is also used in construction and industrial machine.
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List of industrial uses of Copper. Industrial Uses
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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Biological properties of Copper. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Copper metal. Toxicity
Non Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Copper. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Copper </> More »
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
1,084.62 °C
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40
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
2,562.00 °C
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43
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Copper is described here. Appearance of Copper
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Physical state or phase of Copper at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Copper metal in nature? Color
Copper
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Copper metal. Luster
NA
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
3,810.00 m/s
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19
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Copper. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
90.00 %
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3
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Copper are listed here. Chemical Properties of Copper </> More »
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Copper. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Cu
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
1.90
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11
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
1.98
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9
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Copper. Pauling Electropositivity
2.10
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42
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Copper. Atomic Properties of Copper </> More »
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
29
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78
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The electron configuration of Copper is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ar] 3d10 4s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Copper. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Copper. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Copper can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
128.00 pm
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46
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Copper. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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List of different mechanical properties of Copper metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Copper </> More »
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The density of Copper metal is a relationship between the mass of the Copper atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Copper
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Copper density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
8.96 g/cm3
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43
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Copper is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
48.00 GPa
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15
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Bulk Modulus of Copper is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
140.00 GPa
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12
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Young’s Modulus of Copper is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
120.00 GPa
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17
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Copper. Magnetic Properties of Copper </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Copper. Magnetic Characteristics of Copper
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
8.89
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34
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Magnetic Ordering of Copper defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Copper. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Copper defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
16.78 nΩ·m
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50
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Copper. Thermal Properties of Copper </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.38 J/(kg K)
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15
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
401.00 W/m·K
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2
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Copper
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
283.70 kJ/mol
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33
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Copper Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Copper metal is also represented by the symbol Cu. This atomic symbol of Copper is useful in indicating the position of metal Cu in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Copper? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Cu metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Copper

Periodic table of Copper comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Copper metal belongs to Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 11, whereas its period number is 4. It is placed under d block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent d block elements.

Copper Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Copper are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Copper is 29 and its atomic weight is 63.55 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Ar] 3d10 4s1. Nuclear particles in Copper atom are 35 neutrons, 29 protons and 29 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Copper

Physical and chemical characteristics of Copper are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Copper include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Copper Solid. It starts melting at 1,084.62 °C. All these Copper metal properties together define what is Copper?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og