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What is Lead?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Lead In Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Lead which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Pb
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
14
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4
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
6
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The p-block is on the right side of the periodic table and includes elements from the six columns beginning with column 13 and ending with column 18. Helium, though being in the top of group 18, is not included in the p-block.p block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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All post transition metals are placed in group number 13, 14 and 15 of periodic table. In fact, they are located between Transition Metals and Metalloids. Post transition metals have very poor mechanical properties.Post-​Transition
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Lead, then you are at the right place. Facts about Lead </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Lead. Interesting Facts
  • Galena mineral contains almost 87% of Lead metal in it, Galena is sulfide mineral.
  • The best available source of Lead metal today is by recycling automobile batteries.
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List of different sources of Lead. Sources
  • Earth's crust
  • Found in Minerals
  • Mining
  • Ores of metals
  • Ores of Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Lead. History of Lead
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You might be wondering who discovered Lead metal? Who Discovered Lead
Unknown
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Lead metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In Middle Easterns (7000 BCE)
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Different types of Lead Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Lead </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • It is also used in insecticides, hair dyes and as an anti-knocking additive for petrol. But all these are banned by the government as Lead metal is known for detrimental to health.
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List of industrial uses of Lead. Industrial Uses
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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Biological properties of Lead. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Lead metal. Toxicity
Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Lead. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Lead </> More »
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
327.50 °C
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67
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
1,740.00 °C
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53
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Lead is described here. Appearance of Lead
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Physical state or phase of Lead at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Lead metal in nature? Color
Gray
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Lead metal. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
1,190.00 m/s
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52
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Lead. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Lead are listed here. Chemical Properties of Lead </> More »
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Lead. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Pb
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
1.87
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13
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
2.29
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4
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Lead. Pauling Electropositivity
1.67
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51
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Lead. Atomic Properties of Lead </> More »
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
82
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34
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The electron configuration of Lead is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube. This is one of the most common and simplest shapes found in crystals and minerals.Face Centered Cubic (FCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Lead. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Lead. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Lead can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
175.00 pm
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19
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Lead. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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List of different mechanical properties of Lead metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Lead </> More »
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The density of Lead metal is a relationship between the mass of the Lead atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Lead
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Lead density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
11.34 g/cm3
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33
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Lead is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
5.60 GPa
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47
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Bulk Modulus of Lead is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
46.00 GPa
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24
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Young’s Modulus of Lead is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
16.00 GPa
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48
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Lead. Magnetic Properties of Lead </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Lead. Magnetic Characteristics of Lead
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
11.35
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25
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Magnetic Ordering of Lead defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Lead. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Lead defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Poor conductor metals have moderate resistance to electric currents. They can conduct electric current through them with very low efficiency.Poor Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
208.00 nΩ·m
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16
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Lead. Thermal Properties of Lead </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.13 J/(kg K)
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39
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
35.30 W/m·K
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38
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Lead
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
179.40 kJ/mol
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43
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Lead Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Lead metal is also represented by the symbol Pb. This atomic symbol of Lead is useful in indicating the position of metal Pb in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Lead? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Pb metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Lead

Periodic table of Lead comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Lead metal belongs to Post Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 14, whereas its period number is 6. It is placed under p block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent p block elements.

Lead Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Lead are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Lead is 82 and its atomic weight is 207.20 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2. Nuclear particles in Lead atom are 125 neutrons, 82 protons and 82 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Lead

Physical and chemical characteristics of Lead are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Lead include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Gray Solid. It starts melting at 327.50 °C. All these Lead metal properties together define what is Lead?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og