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What is Lithium?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Lithium In Periodic Table </>
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It’s an atomic symbol of Lithium which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Li
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
1
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17
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
2
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The s-block is on the left side of the periodic table that includes elements from the first two columns, the alkali metals (group 1) and alkaline earth metals (group 2), plus helium.s block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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All alkali metals are placed under group number 1 and s-block of periodic table. These metals are highly reactive and are found in ores of other metals and minerals. Alkali metals can be easily distinguished from others as these metals have only 1 electronAlkali
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The Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) is part of the American Chemical Society and maintains a database of chemical compounds and sequences. and each element has its unique identification number known as CAS number. CAS Number
7439932
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85
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of the symmetry of the crystal. Space Group Name
Im_ 3m
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of thesymmetry of the crystal. Space Group Number
229.00
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1
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Lithium, then you are at the right place. Facts about Lithium </>
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Lithium. Interesting Facts
  • Heat capacity of Lithium is very high.
  • Lithium inflammable and highly explosive metal, hence it has to be stored properly.
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List of different sources of Lithium. Sources
  • Found in Minerals
  • Mining
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Lets check out the facts about history of Lithium. History of Lithium
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You might be wondering who discovered Lithium metal? Who Discovered Lithium
Johan August Arfwedson
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Lithium metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1817
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Abundance percentage of Lithium metal at various places. This will give you an idea about its Abundance levels. Abundance of Lithium
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Abundance percentage of Lithium in Universe. Abundance In Universe
0.00 %
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18
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Abundance percentage of Lithium in Sun. Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
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12
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Abundance percentage of Lithium in Meteorites. Abundance In Meteorites
0.00 %
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22
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Abundance percentage of Lithium in Earth’s Crust. Abundance In Earth’s Crust
0.00 %
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44
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Abundance percentage of Lithium in Oceans. Abundance In Oceans
0.00 %
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15
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Abundance percentage of Lithium in Humans. Abundance In Humans
0.00 %
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16
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Different types of Lithium Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Lithium </>
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • The main usage of Lithium is manufacturing rechargeable batteries for electronic equipment and gadgets.
  • it is also used in manufacturing non-rechargeable batteries.
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List of industrial uses of Lithium. Industrial Uses
  • ?
    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
  • ?
    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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List of medical uses of Lithium. Medical Uses
NA
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List of lesser known uses of Lithium metal. Other Uses
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An alloy is a mixture of metals or a mixture of a metal and another element. Alloys of this metals are very useful.Alloys
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Biological properties of Lithium. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Lithium metal. Toxicity
NA
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Whether Lithium metal is present in the Human Body? Present in Human Body
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What amount of Lithium is present in human blood normally? In Blood
0.00 Blood/mg dm-3
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27
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What amount of Lithium is present in human bone normally? In Bone
1.30 p.p.m.
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17
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Physical properties or characteristics of Lithium. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Lithium </>
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
180.54 °C
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73
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
1,347.00 °C
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62
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Lithium is described here. Appearance of Lithium
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Physical state or phase of Lithium at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Lithium metal in nature? Color
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Lithium metal. Luster
NA
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Hardness of Lithium which measures how resistant this metals is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied. Hardness of Lithium
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Mohs Hardness of Lithium is a scale for measuring its hardness. Mohs Hardness
0.60
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21
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Brinell Hardness of Lithium is a scale for measuring their hardness. Brinell Hardness
5.00 MPa
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52
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
6,000.00 m/s
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3
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Lithium. Optical Properties
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Allotropes are different structural modifications of an metals; the atoms of the metals are bonded together with the help of different crystal structure. Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these alpha allotropes of this metal are listed here. α Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these beta allotropes of this metal are listed here. β Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these gamma allotropes of this metal are listed here. γ Allotropes
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Lithium are listed here. Chemical Properties of Lithium </>
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Lithium. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Li
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Isotopes of Lithium are its variants, which differ in neutron number present in the nucleus. Isotopes of Lithium
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The total number of known Isotopes of this metal. Known Isotopes
8
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30
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
0.98
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46
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
0.89
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26
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Allred Rochow Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allred Rochow Electronegativity
0.97
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38
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Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
0.97
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19
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Allen Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allen Electronegativity
0.91
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41
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Lithium. Pauling Electropositivity
3.02
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8
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The ionization energy (IE) or the ionization potential is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation. Ionization Energies
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1st energy level of Lithium. 1st Energy Level
520.20 kJ/mol
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81
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2nd energy level of Lithium. 2nd Energy Level
7,298.10 kJ/mol
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3
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3rd energy level of Lithium. 3rd Energy Level
11,815.00 kJ/mol
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4
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The electrochemical equivalent of a Lithium element is the mass of this element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity. The electrochemical equivalent of an element is measured with a voltameter. Electrochemical Equivalent
0.26 g/amp-hr
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75
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Electron work function of Lithium is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface. Electron Work Function
2.90 eV
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37
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List of all chemical properties/characteristics/behavior of Lithium. Other Chemical Properties
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Corrosion is a process which converts refined metals to their more stable forms, for example, its oxide and hydroxide. This process of metals getting corroded is a gradual destruction of metals by chemical reactions.Corrosion, 
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Flammable metals have ability to burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion.Flammable, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Radioactive metals emit particles and radiation from their nuclei. This process comes in the picture because their nuclei experience the intense conflict between two strong forces. This metal also have radioactive isotopes.Radioactive Isotopes
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Lithium. Atomic Properties of Lithium </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
3
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92
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The electron configuration of Lithium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[He] 2s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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BCC is a basis type of cubic crystal structure. In crystallography, the cubic crystals structure is a crystal system where the unit cell has a cube shaped structure. This is one of the simplest crystal structure found in crystals of metal.Body Centered Cubic (BCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Lithium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Lithium Metal. Atom of Lithium
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Lithium. Number of Protons
3
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91
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Lithium. Number of Neutrons
4
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69
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Lithium. Number of Electrons
3
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91
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Radius of an Atom of Lithium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Lithium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
152.00 pm
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31
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The covalent radius of Lithium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
128.00 pm
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50
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The Van der Waals Radius of Lithium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
182.00 pm
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35
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
6.94 amu
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86
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Atomic Volume of Lithium means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
13.10 cm3/mol
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39
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Lithium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
19.00 (-eV)
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60
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
351.00 pm
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42
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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List of different mechanical properties of Lithium metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Lithium </>
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The density of Lithium metal is a relationship between the mass of the Lithium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Lithium
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Lithium density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
0.53 g/cm3
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84
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Lithium density When at liquid state (at m.p.). Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
0.51 g/cm3
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60
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Tensile strength is a measurement of the force required to pull something such as rope, wire, or a structural beam to the point where it breaks. Tensile Strength
Not Available
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. Viscosity
Not Available
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system. Vapor Pressure of Lithium
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Vapor Pressure of Lithium at temperature 1000 K. Vapor Pressure at 1000 K
109.00 (Pa)
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2
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Lithium is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
4.20 GPa
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49
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Bulk Modulus of Lithium is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
11.00 GPa
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44
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Young’s Modulus of Lithium is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
4.90 GPa
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55
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Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. Poisson Ratio
Not Available
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Whether Lithium exhibits properties like ductility , malleability, weldability, sectility, etc. Other Mechanical Properties
NA
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Lithium. Magnetic Properties of Lithium </>
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Different Magnetic significance of Lithium. Magnetic Characteristics of Lithium
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
0.53
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70
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Magnetic Ordering of Lithium defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Lithium. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Lithium defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
92.80 nΩ·m
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33
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Electrical conductivity is the measure of a material’s ability to accommodate the transport of an electric charge. Electrical Conductivity
0.11 106/cm Ω
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19
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
59.60 kJ/mol
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16
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Lithium. Thermal Properties of Lithium </>
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
3.60 J/(kg K)
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1
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The molar heat capacity is the heat capacity per unit amount (SI unit: mole) of a pure substance. Molar Heat Capacity
24.86 J/mol·K
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48
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
84.80 W/m·K
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20
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The critical temperature of a substance is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Critical Temperature
3,223.00 K
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1
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
46.00 µm/(m·K)
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7
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Lithium
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
134.70 kJ/mol
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50
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The enthalpy of fusion also known as (latent) heat of fusion is the change in enthalpy resulting from heating a given quantity of a substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which this occurs is the melting point. Enthalpy of Fusion
3.00 kJ/mol
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57
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The enthalpy of atomization (also atomisation in British spelling) is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). Enthalpy of Atomization
160.70 kJ/mol
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52
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The standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure). Standard Molar Entropy
29.10 J/mol.K
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51
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Lithium Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Lithium metal is also represented by the symbol Li. This atomic symbol of Lithium is useful in indicating the position of metal Li in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Lithium? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Li metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Lithium

Periodic table of Lithium comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Lithium metal belongs to Alkali Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 1, whereas its period number is 2. It is placed under s block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent s block elements.

Lithium Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Lithium are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Lithium is 3 and its atomic weight is 6.94 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [He] 2s1. Nuclear particles in Lithium atom are 4 neutrons, 3 protons and 3 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Lithium

Physical and chemical characteristics of Lithium are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Lithium include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery White Solid. It starts melting at 180.54 °C. All these Lithium metal properties together define what is Lithium?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og