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What is Magnesium?

All Metals

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Magnesium In Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Magnesium which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Mg
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
2
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16
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
3
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The s-block is on the left side of the periodic table that includes elements from the first two columns, the alkali metals (group 1) and alkaline earth metals (group 2), plus helium.s block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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All alkaline earth metals are placed under group number 2 and s-block of periodic table. These metals are somewhat reactive at standard conditions. Alkaline earth metals appear shiny, silvery-white and are found in the earth’s crust.Alkaline Earth
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Magnesium, then you are at the right place. Facts about Magnesium </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Magnesium. Interesting Facts
  • Magnesium ions are present in every chlorophyll of every green plant .
  • Controlling Magnesium fire by pouring water on it will result in explosions.
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List of different sources of Magnesium. Sources
  • By Electrolysis Process
  • In Ocean
  • Mining
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Lets check out the facts about history of Magnesium. History of Magnesium
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You might be wondering who discovered Magnesium metal? Who Discovered Magnesium
Joseph Black
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Magnesium metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1755
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Different types of Magnesium Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Magnesium </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • Magnesium aluminum alloy improves the mechanical strength and welding characteristics and hence it is used in aeroplane and car manufacturing.
  • It is also used to remove sulfur from the molten iron and steel.
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List of industrial uses of Magnesium. Industrial Uses
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    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
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    Metals are usually used in ammunition industry. This metal is used while making armors and other weapons used in wars.Ammunition Industry
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    Automobile industry requires a very wide variety of raw materials for their production. This metal is used in this industry for making different parts of Automobile.Automobile Industry
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    This metal is used in the pharmaceutical industry and helps to develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals for use as medications.Pharmaceutical Industry
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Biological properties of Magnesium. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Magnesium metal. Toxicity
Non Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Magnesium. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Magnesium </> More »
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
650.00 °C
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61
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
1,107.00 °C
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66
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Magnesium is described here. Appearance of Magnesium
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Physical state or phase of Magnesium at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Magnesium metal in nature? Color
Gray
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Magnesium metal. Luster
NA
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
4,940.00 m/s
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11
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Magnesium. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
74.00 %
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7
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Magnesium are listed here. Chemical Properties of Magnesium </> More »
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Magnesium. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Mg
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
1.31
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31
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
1.32
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18
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Magnesium. Pauling Electropositivity
2.69
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23
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Magnesium. Atomic Properties of Magnesium </> More »
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
12
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89
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The electron configuration of Magnesium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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The hexagonal crystal system consists of the 7 point groups such that all their space groups have the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice. The hexagonal crystal family consists of the 12 point groups such that at least one of their space groups has theHexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
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Images of crystal lattice of Magnesium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Magnesium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Magnesium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
160.00 pm
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27
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Magnesium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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List of different mechanical properties of Magnesium metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Magnesium </> More »
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The density of Magnesium metal is a relationship between the mass of the Magnesium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Magnesium
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Magnesium density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
1.74 g/cm3
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79
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Magnesium is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
17.00 GPa
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37
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Bulk Modulus of Magnesium is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
45.00 GPa
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25
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Young’s Modulus of Magnesium is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
45.00 GPa
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39
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Magnesium. Magnetic Properties of Magnesium </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Magnesium. Magnetic Characteristics of Magnesium
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
1.74
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66
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Magnetic Ordering of Magnesium defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Magnesium. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Magnesium defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
43.90 nΩ·m
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45
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Magnesium. Thermal Properties of Magnesium </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
1.02 J/(kg K)
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4
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
156.00 W/m·K
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8
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Magnesium
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
128.70 kJ/mol
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52
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Magnesium Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Magnesium metal is also represented by the symbol Mg. This atomic symbol of Magnesium is useful in indicating the position of metal Mg in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Magnesium? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Mg metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Magnesium

Periodic table of Magnesium comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Magnesium metal belongs to Alkaline Earth Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 2, whereas its period number is 3. It is placed under s block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent s block elements.

Magnesium Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Magnesium are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Magnesium is 12 and its atomic weight is 24.31 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Ne] 3s2. Nuclear particles in Magnesium atom are 12 neutrons, 12 protons and 12 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Magnesium

Physical and chemical characteristics of Magnesium are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Magnesium include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Gray Solid. It starts melting at 650.00 °C. All these Magnesium metal properties together define what is Magnesium?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og