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What is Mercury?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Mercury In Periodic Table </>
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It’s an atomic symbol of Mercury which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Hg
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
12
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6
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
6
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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The Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) is part of the American Chemical Society and maintains a database of chemical compounds and sequences. and each element has its unique identification number known as CAS number. CAS Number
7439976
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81
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of the symmetry of the crystal. Space Group Name
R_ 3m
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of thesymmetry of the crystal. Space Group Number
166.00
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6
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Mercury, then you are at the right place. Facts about Mercury </>
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Mercury. Interesting Facts
  • At room temperature mercury is found in a liquid state.
  • A coin of pound or rupees floats in mercury.
  • Because of its low melting point and boiling point it is used in thermometers.
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List of different sources of Mercury. Sources
  • Mining
  • Ores of Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Mercury. History of Mercury
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You might be wondering who discovered Mercury metal? Who Discovered Mercury
Ancient Chinese and Indians
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Mercury metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
Before 2000 BCE
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Abundance percentage of Mercury metal at various places. This will give you an idea about its Abundance levels. Abundance of Mercury
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Abundance percentage of Mercury in Sun. Abundance In Sun
125.00 %
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1
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Abundance percentage of Mercury in Earth’s Crust. Abundance In Earth’s Crust
0.05 %
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9
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Different types of Mercury Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Mercury </>
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • It is a liquid metal at room temperature, but it is a toxic heavy metal and hence many uses of mercury are under review or phased out.
  • It is manly used as a catalysts in chemical industry.
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List of industrial uses of Mercury. Industrial Uses
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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List of medical uses of Mercury. Medical Uses
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Dentistry is a branch of medicine that is involved in the study/diagnosis/prevention/treatment of oral diseases.Dentistry
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List of lesser known uses of Mercury metal. Other Uses
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    An alloy is a mixture of metals or a mixture of a metal and another element. Alloys of this metals are very useful.Alloys
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    Mirror ManufacturingMirror Manufacturing
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    This metal is used in the pharmaceutical industry and helps to develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals for use as medications.Pharmaceutical Industry
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Biological properties of Mercury. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Mercury metal. Toxicity
Highly Toxic
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Whether Mercury metal is present in the Human Body? Present in Human Body
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What amount of Mercury is present in human blood normally? In Blood
0.01 Blood/mg dm-3
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23
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What amount of Mercury is present in human bone normally? In Bone
0.45 p.p.m.
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19
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Physical properties or characteristics of Mercury. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Mercury </>
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
-38.87 °C
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82
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
356.58 °C
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78
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Mercury is described here. Appearance of Mercury
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Physical state or phase of Mercury at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Liquid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Mercury metal in nature? Color
Silver
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Mercury metal. Luster
NA
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Hardness of Mercury which measures how resistant this metals is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied. Hardness of Mercury
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
1,451.40 m/s
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49
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Mercury. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
1.00
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3
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
73.00 %
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8
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Allotropes are different structural modifications of an metals; the atoms of the metals are bonded together with the help of different crystal structure. Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these alpha allotropes of this metal are listed here. α Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these beta allotropes of this metal are listed here. β Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these gamma allotropes of this metal are listed here. γ Allotropes
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Mercury are listed here. Chemical Properties of Mercury </>
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Mercury. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Hg
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Isotopes of Mercury are its variants, which differ in neutron number present in the nucleus. Isotopes of Mercury
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The total number of known Isotopes of this metal. Known Isotopes
34
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5
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
2.00
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7
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
2.20
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7
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Allred Rochow Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.44
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17
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Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
1.81
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9
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Allen Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allen Electronegativity
1.44
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30
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Mercury. Pauling Electropositivity
2.00
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46
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The ionization energy (IE) or the ionization potential is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation. Ionization Energies
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1st energy level of Mercury. 1st Energy Level
1,007.10 kJ/mol
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4
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2nd energy level of Mercury. 2nd Energy Level
1,810.00 kJ/mol
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20
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3rd energy level of Mercury. 3rd Energy Level
3,300.00 kJ/mol
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20
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The electrochemical equivalent of a Mercury element is the mass of this element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity. The electrochemical equivalent of an element is measured with a voltameter. Electrochemical Equivalent
3.74 g/amp-hr
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10
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Electron work function of Mercury is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface. Electron Work Function
4.49 eV
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15
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List of all chemical properties/characteristics/behavior of Mercury. Other Chemical Properties
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Flammable metals have ability to burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion.Flammability, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Mercury. Atomic Properties of Mercury </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
80
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36
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The electron configuration of Mercury is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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Rhombohedral crystal lattice structure comes under trigonal crystal structure. The Rhombohedral crystal structure is a term associated trigonal crystal structure with the rhombohedral lattice.Rhombohedral (RHO)
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Images of crystal lattice of Mercury. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Mercury Metal. Atom of Mercury
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Mercury. Number of Protons
80
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36
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Mercury. Number of Neutrons
121
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23
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Mercury. Number of Electrons
80
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36
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Radius of an Atom of Mercury. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Mercury can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
151.00 pm
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32
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The covalent radius of Mercury can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
132.00 pm
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48
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The Van der Waals Radius of Mercury can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
155.00 pm
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42
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
200.59 amu
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32
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Atomic Volume of Mercury means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
14.82 cm3/mol
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35
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Mercury. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
28.20 (-eV)
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54
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
300.50 pm
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59
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
NA
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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List of different mechanical properties of Mercury metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Mercury </>
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The density of Mercury metal is a relationship between the mass of the Mercury atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Mercury
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Mercury density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
13.53 g/cm3
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24
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Tensile strength is a measurement of the force required to pull something such as rope, wire, or a structural beam to the point where it breaks. Tensile Strength
Not Available
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. Viscosity
0.00
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1
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system. Vapor Pressure of Mercury
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. Poisson Ratio
Not Available
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Whether Mercury exhibits properties like ductility , malleability, weldability, sectility, etc. Other Mechanical Properties
NA
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Mercury. Magnetic Properties of Mercury </>
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Different Magnetic significance of Mercury. Magnetic Characteristics of Mercury
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
13.53
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16
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Magnetic Ordering of Mercury defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Mercury. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Mercury defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
961.00 nΩ·m
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1
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Electrical conductivity is the measure of a material’s ability to accommodate the transport of an electric charge. Electrical Conductivity
0.01 106/cm Ω
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57
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
0.00 kJ/mol
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40
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Mercury. Thermal Properties of Mercury </>
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.14 J/(kg K)
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38
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The molar heat capacity is the heat capacity per unit amount (SI unit: mole) of a pure substance. Molar Heat Capacity
27.98 J/mol·K
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13
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
8.30 W/m·K
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66
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The critical temperature of a substance is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Critical Temperature
1,750.00 K
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6
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
60.40 µm/(m·K)
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5
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Mercury
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
56.90 kJ/mol
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59
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The enthalpy of fusion also known as (latent) heat of fusion is the change in enthalpy resulting from heating a given quantity of a substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which this occurs is the melting point. Enthalpy of Fusion
2.29 kJ/mol
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61
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The enthalpy of atomization (also atomisation in British spelling) is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). Enthalpy of Atomization
61.50 kJ/mol
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62
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The standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure). Standard Molar Entropy
75.80 J/mol.K
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6
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Mercury Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Mercury metal is also represented by the symbol Hg. This atomic symbol of Mercury is useful in indicating the position of metal Hg in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Mercury? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Hg metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Mercury

Periodic table of Mercury comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Mercury metal belongs to Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 12, whereas its period number is 6. It is placed under d block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent d block elements.

Mercury Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Mercury are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Mercury is 80 and its atomic weight is 200.59 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2. Nuclear particles in Mercury atom are 121 neutrons, 80 protons and 80 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Mercury

Physical and chemical characteristics of Mercury are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Mercury include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silver Liquid. It starts melting at -38.87 °C. All these Mercury metal properties together define what is Mercury?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og