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What is Ruthenium?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Ruthenium In Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Ruthenium which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Ru
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
8
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10
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
5
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Ruthenium, then you are at the right place. Facts about Ruthenium </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Ruthenium. Interesting Facts
  • Ruthenium element has been extracted from used nuclear fuel.
  • Ruthenium metal also produces as a by-product of the Nickel mining.
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List of different sources of Ruthenium. Sources
  • By-product of Nickel Refining
  • Found in Minerals
  • Mining
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Lets check out the facts about history of Ruthenium. History of Ruthenium
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You might be wondering who discovered Ruthenium metal? Who Discovered Ruthenium
Karl Ernst Claus
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Ruthenium metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1844
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Different types of Ruthenium Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Ruthenium </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • It is used for producing chip resistors and contact.
  • Ruthenium oxide is used to coat the anodes cells for chlorine production in chemical industry. It also works as catalysts for ammonia and acetic acid reaction.
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List of industrial uses of Ruthenium. Industrial Uses
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    Not surprisingly, about 75% of superalloys are used in the aerospace industry for turbine blades, heat exchangers, and chemical reaction vessels.Aerospace Industry
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    Automobile industry requires a very wide variety of raw materials for their production. This metal is used in this industry for making different parts of Automobile.Automobile Industry
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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Biological properties of Ruthenium. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Ruthenium metal. Toxicity
Low Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Ruthenium. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Ruthenium </> More »
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
2,250.00 °C
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8
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
3,900.00 °C
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14
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Ruthenium is described here. Appearance of Ruthenium
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Physical state or phase of Ruthenium at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Ruthenium metal in nature? Color
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Ruthenium metal. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
5,970.00 m/s
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4
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Ruthenium. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Ruthenium are listed here. Chemical Properties of Ruthenium </> More »
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Ruthenium. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Ru
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
2.20
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4
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Ruthenium. Pauling Electropositivity
1.80
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49
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Ruthenium. Atomic Properties of Ruthenium </> More »
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
44
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68
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The electron configuration of Ruthenium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d7 5s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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The hexagonal crystal system consists of the 7 point groups such that all their space groups have the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice. The hexagonal crystal family consists of the 12 point groups such that at least one of their space groups has theHexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
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Images of crystal lattice of Ruthenium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Ruthenium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Ruthenium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
134.00 pm
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43
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Ruthenium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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List of different mechanical properties of Ruthenium metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Ruthenium </> More »
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The density of Ruthenium metal is a relationship between the mass of the Ruthenium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Ruthenium
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Ruthenium density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
12.45 g/cm3
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27
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Ruthenium is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
173.00 GPa
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4
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Bulk Modulus of Ruthenium is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
220.00 GPa
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7
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Young’s Modulus of Ruthenium is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
447.00 GPa
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3
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Ruthenium. Magnetic Properties of Ruthenium </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Ruthenium. Magnetic Characteristics of Ruthenium
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
12.45
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19
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Magnetic Ordering of Ruthenium defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Ruthenium. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Ruthenium defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
71.00 nΩ·m
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38
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Ruthenium. Thermal Properties of Ruthenium </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.24 J/(kg K)
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24
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
117.00 W/m·K
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13
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Ruthenium
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
567.80 kJ/mol
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10
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Ruthenium Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Ruthenium metal is also represented by the symbol Ru. This atomic symbol of Ruthenium is useful in indicating the position of metal Ru in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Ruthenium? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Ru metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Ruthenium

Periodic table of Ruthenium comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Ruthenium metal belongs to Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 8, whereas its period number is 5. It is placed under d block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent d block elements.

Ruthenium Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Ruthenium are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Ruthenium is 44 and its atomic weight is 101.07 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Kr] 4d7 5s1. Nuclear particles in Ruthenium atom are 57 neutrons, 44 protons and 44 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Ruthenium

Physical and chemical characteristics of Ruthenium are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Ruthenium include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery White Solid. It starts melting at 2,250.00 °C. All these Ruthenium metal properties together define what is Ruthenium?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og