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What is Sodium?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Sodium In Periodic Table </>
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It’s an atomic symbol of Sodium which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Na
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
1
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17
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
3
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The s-block is on the left side of the periodic table that includes elements from the first two columns, the alkali metals (group 1) and alkaline earth metals (group 2), plus helium.s block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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All alkali metals are placed under group number 1 and s-block of periodic table. These metals are highly reactive and are found in ores of other metals and minerals. Alkali metals can be easily distinguished from others as these metals have only 1 electronAlkali
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The Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) is part of the American Chemical Society and maintains a database of chemical compounds and sequences. and each element has its unique identification number known as CAS number. CAS Number
7440235
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57
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of the symmetry of the crystal. Space Group Name
Im_ 3m
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of thesymmetry of the crystal. Space Group Number
229.00
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1
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Sodium, then you are at the right place. Facts about Sodium </>
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Sodium. Interesting Facts
  • At room temperature Sodium metal is very soft as it can be chopped down into pieces with butter knife.
  • The most common compound of Sodium is NaCl (Salt).
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List of different sources of Sodium. Sources
  • By Electrolysis Process
  • Mining
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Lets check out the facts about history of Sodium. History of Sodium
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You might be wondering who discovered Sodium metal? Who Discovered Sodium
Humphry Davy
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Sodium metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1807
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Abundance percentage of Sodium metal at various places. This will give you an idea about its Abundance levels. Abundance of Sodium
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Abundance percentage of Sodium in Universe. Abundance In Universe
0.00 %
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6
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Abundance percentage of Sodium in Sun. Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
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7
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Abundance percentage of Sodium in Meteorites. Abundance In Meteorites
0.55 %
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6
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Abundance percentage of Sodium in Earth’s Crust. Abundance In Earth’s Crust
2.30 %
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5
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Abundance percentage of Sodium in Oceans. Abundance In Oceans
1.10 %
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1
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Abundance percentage of Sodium in Humans. Abundance In Humans
0.14 %
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3
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Different types of Sodium Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Sodium </>
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • In some nuclear reactors sodium is used as a heat exchanger.
  • Compound of Sodium metals called Salt (Sodium chloride) is used in Food.
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List of industrial uses of Sodium. Industrial Uses
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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List of medical uses of Sodium. Medical Uses
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This metal is used in the pharmaceutical industry and helps to develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals for use as medications.Pharmaceutical Industry
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List of lesser known uses of Sodium metal. Other Uses
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An alloy is a mixture of metals or a mixture of a metal and another element. Alloys of this metals are very useful.Alloys
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Biological properties of Sodium. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Sodium metal. Toxicity
Toxic
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Whether Sodium metal is present in the Human Body? Present in Human Body
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What amount of Sodium is present in human blood normally? In Blood
1,970.00 Blood/mg dm-3
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1
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What amount of Sodium is present in human bone normally? In Bone
10,000.00 p.p.m.
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2
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Physical properties or characteristics of Sodium. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Sodium </>
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
97.72 °C
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75
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
883.00 °C
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71
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Sodium is described here. Appearance of Sodium
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Physical state or phase of Sodium at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Sodium metal in nature? Color
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Sodium metal. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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Hardness of Sodium which measures how resistant this metals is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied. Hardness of Sodium
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Mohs Hardness of Sodium is a scale for measuring its hardness. Mohs Hardness
0.50
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22
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Brinell Hardness of Sodium is a scale for measuring their hardness. Brinell Hardness
0.69 MPa
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53
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
3,200.00 m/s
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24
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Sodium. Optical Properties
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Allotropes are different structural modifications of an metals; the atoms of the metals are bonded together with the help of different crystal structure. Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these alpha allotropes of this metal are listed here. α Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these beta allotropes of this metal are listed here. β Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these gamma allotropes of this metal are listed here. γ Allotropes
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Sodium are listed here. Chemical Properties of Sodium </>
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Sodium. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Na
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Isotopes of Sodium are its variants, which differ in neutron number present in the nucleus. Isotopes of Sodium
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The total number of known Isotopes of this metal. Known Isotopes
17
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22
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
0.93
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48
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
0.56
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30
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Allred Rochow Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.01
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35
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Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
0.91
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21
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Allen Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allen Electronegativity
0.87
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44
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Sodium. Pauling Electropositivity
3.07
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6
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The ionization energy (IE) or the ionization potential is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation. Ionization Energies
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1st energy level of Sodium. 1st Energy Level
495.80 kJ/mol
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85
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2nd energy level of Sodium. 2nd Energy Level
4,562.00 kJ/mol
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4
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3rd energy level of Sodium. 3rd Energy Level
6,910.30 kJ/mol
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6
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4th energy level of Sodium. 4th Energy Level
9,543.00 kJ/mol
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5
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5th energy level of Sodium. 5th Energy Level
13,354.00 kJ/mol
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4
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6th energy level of Sodium. 6th Energy Level
16,613.00 kJ/mol
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4
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7th energy level of Sodium. 7th Energy level
20,117.00 kJ/mol
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4
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8th energy level of Sodium. 8th Energy Level
25,496.00 kJ/mol
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4
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9th energy level of Sodium. 9th Energy Level
28,932.00 kJ/mol
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4
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10th energy level of Sodium. 10th Energy Level
141,362.00 kJ/mol
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2
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11th energy level of Sodium. 11th Energy Level
159,076.00 kJ/mol
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2
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The electrochemical equivalent of a Sodium element is the mass of this element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity. The electrochemical equivalent of an element is measured with a voltameter. Electrochemical Equivalent
0.86 g/amp-hr
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62
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Electron work function of Sodium is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface. Electron Work Function
2.75 eV
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40
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List of all chemical properties/characteristics/behavior of Sodium. Other Chemical Properties
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Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
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Corrosion is a process which converts refined metals to their more stable forms, for example, its oxide and hydroxide. This process of metals getting corroded is a gradual destruction of metals by chemical reactions.Corrosion, 
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Flammable metals have ability to burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion.Flammability, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent.Solubility
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Sodium. Atomic Properties of Sodium </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
11
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90
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The electron configuration of Sodium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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BCC is a basis type of cubic crystal structure. In crystallography, the cubic crystals structure is a crystal system where the unit cell has a cube shaped structure. This is one of the simplest crystal structure found in crystals of metal.Body Centered Cubic (BCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Sodium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Sodium Metal. Atom of Sodium
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Sodium. Number of Protons
11
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89
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Sodium. Number of Neutrons
12
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67
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Sodium. Number of Electrons
11
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89
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Radius of an Atom of Sodium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Sodium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
186.00 pm
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9
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The covalent radius of Sodium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
166.00 pm
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27
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The Van der Waals Radius of Sodium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
227.00 pm
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21
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
22.99 amu
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84
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Atomic Volume of Sodium means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
23.70 cm3/mol
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10
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Sodium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
14.10 (-eV)
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61
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
429.06 pm
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19
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, π/2
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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List of different mechanical properties of Sodium metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Sodium </>
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The density of Sodium metal is a relationship between the mass of the Sodium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Sodium
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Sodium density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
0.97 g/cm3
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82
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Sodium density When at liquid state (at m.p.). Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
0.93 g/cm3
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58
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Tensile strength is a measurement of the force required to pull something such as rope, wire, or a structural beam to the point where it breaks. Tensile Strength
Not Available
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. Viscosity
Not Available
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system. Vapor Pressure of Sodium
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Sodium is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
3.30 GPa
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50
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Bulk Modulus of Sodium is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
6.30 GPa
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47
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Young’s Modulus of Sodium is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
10.00 GPa
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52
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Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. Poisson Ratio
Not Available
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Whether Sodium exhibits properties like ductility , malleability, weldability, sectility, etc. Other Mechanical Properties
NA
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Sodium. Magnetic Properties of Sodium </>
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Different Magnetic significance of Sodium. Magnetic Characteristics of Sodium
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
0.97
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68
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Magnetic Ordering of Sodium defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Sodium. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Sodium defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
47.70 nΩ·m
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43
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Electrical conductivity is the measure of a material’s ability to accommodate the transport of an electric charge. Electrical Conductivity
0.21 106/cm Ω
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9
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
52.80 kJ/mol
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19
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Sodium. Thermal Properties of Sodium </>
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
1.23 J/(kg K)
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3
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The molar heat capacity is the heat capacity per unit amount (SI unit: mole) of a pure substance. Molar Heat Capacity
28.23 J/mol·K
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10
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
142.00 W/m·K
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11
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The critical temperature of a substance is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Critical Temperature
2,573.00 K
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2
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
71.00 µm/(m·K)
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4
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Sodium
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
89.04 kJ/mol
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54
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The enthalpy of fusion also known as (latent) heat of fusion is the change in enthalpy resulting from heating a given quantity of a substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which this occurs is the melting point. Enthalpy of Fusion
2.59 kJ/mol
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59
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The enthalpy of atomization (also atomisation in British spelling) is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). Enthalpy of Atomization
108.40 kJ/mol
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57
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The standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure). Standard Molar Entropy
51.30 J/mol.K
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28
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Sodium Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Sodium metal is also represented by the symbol Na. This atomic symbol of Sodium is useful in indicating the position of metal Na in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Sodium? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Na metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Sodium

Periodic table of Sodium comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Sodium metal belongs to Alkali Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 1, whereas its period number is 3. It is placed under s block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent s block elements.

Sodium Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Sodium are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Sodium is 11 and its atomic weight is 22.99 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Ne] 3s1. Nuclear particles in Sodium atom are 12 neutrons, 11 protons and 11 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Sodium

Physical and chemical characteristics of Sodium are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Sodium include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery White Solid. It starts melting at 97.72 °C. All these Sodium metal properties together define what is Sodium?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og