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What is Sodium?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Sodium In Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Sodium which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Na
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
1
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17
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
3
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The s-block is on the left side of the periodic table that includes elements from the first two columns, the alkali metals (group 1) and alkaline earth metals (group 2), plus helium.s block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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All alkali metals are placed under group number 1 and s-block of periodic table. These metals are highly reactive and are found in ores of other metals and minerals. Alkali metals can be easily distinguished from others as these metals have only 1 electronAlkali
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Sodium, then you are at the right place. Facts about Sodium </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Sodium. Interesting Facts
  • At room temperature Sodium metal is very soft as it can be chopped down into pieces with butter knife.
  • The most common compound of Sodium is NaCl (Salt).
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List of different sources of Sodium. Sources
  • By Electrolysis Process
  • Mining
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Lets check out the facts about history of Sodium. History of Sodium
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You might be wondering who discovered Sodium metal? Who Discovered Sodium
Humphry Davy
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Sodium metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
In 1807
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Different types of Sodium Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Sodium </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • In some nuclear reactors sodium is used as a heat exchanger.
  • Compound of Sodium metals called Salt (Sodium chloride) is used in Food.
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List of industrial uses of Sodium. Industrial Uses
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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Biological properties of Sodium. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Sodium metal. Toxicity
Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Sodium. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Sodium </> More »
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
97.72 °C
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75
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
883.00 °C
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71
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Sodium is described here. Appearance of Sodium
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Physical state or phase of Sodium at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Sodium metal in nature? Color
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Sodium metal. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
3,200.00 m/s
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24
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Sodium. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Sodium are listed here. Chemical Properties of Sodium </> More »
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Sodium. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Na
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
0.93
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48
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
0.56
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30
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Sodium. Pauling Electropositivity
3.07
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6
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Sodium. Atomic Properties of Sodium </> More »
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
11
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90
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The electron configuration of Sodium is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ne] 3s1
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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BCC is a basis type of cubic crystal structure. In crystallography, the cubic crystals structure is a crystal system where the unit cell has a cube shaped structure. This is one of the simplest crystal structure found in crystals of metal.Body Centered Cubic (BCC)
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Images of crystal lattice of Sodium. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Sodium. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Sodium can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
186.00 pm
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9
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Sodium. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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List of different mechanical properties of Sodium metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Sodium </> More »
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The density of Sodium metal is a relationship between the mass of the Sodium atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Sodium
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Sodium density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
0.97 g/cm3
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82
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Sodium is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
3.30 GPa
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50
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Bulk Modulus of Sodium is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
6.30 GPa
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47
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Young’s Modulus of Sodium is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
10.00 GPa
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52
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Sodium. Magnetic Properties of Sodium </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Sodium. Magnetic Characteristics of Sodium
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
0.97
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68
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Magnetic Ordering of Sodium defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Paramagnetic metals are slightly attracted by magnet, but they can’t retain the magnetic effect once they are removed from the magnetic field.Paramagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Sodium. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Sodium defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
47.70 nΩ·m
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43
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Sodium. Thermal Properties of Sodium </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
1.23 J/(kg K)
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3
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
142.00 W/m·K
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11
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Sodium
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
89.04 kJ/mol
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54
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Sodium Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Sodium metal is also represented by the symbol Na. This atomic symbol of Sodium is useful in indicating the position of metal Na in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Sodium? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Na metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Sodium

Periodic table of Sodium comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Sodium metal belongs to Alkali Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 1, whereas its period number is 3. It is placed under s block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent s block elements.

Sodium Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Sodium are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Sodium is 11 and its atomic weight is 22.99 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Ne] 3s1. Nuclear particles in Sodium atom are 12 neutrons, 11 protons and 11 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Sodium

Physical and chemical characteristics of Sodium are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Sodium include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery White Solid. It starts melting at 97.72 °C. All these Sodium metal properties together define what is Sodium?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og