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What is Tin?

Tin Metal Crystal Structure of Tin
Tin

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Tin In Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Tin which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Sn
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
14
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4
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
5
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The p-block is on the right side of the periodic table and includes elements from the six columns beginning with column 13 and ending with column 18. Helium, though being in the top of group 18, is not included in the p-block.p block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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All post transition metals are placed in group number 13, 14 and 15 of periodic table. In fact, they are located between Transition Metals and Metalloids. Post transition metals have very poor mechanical properties.Post-​Transition
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Tin, then you are at the right place. Facts about Tin </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Tin. Interesting Facts
  • In the list of most abundant element Tin is ranked 49th.
  • Tin metal does not react with water as well as does not corrode in it.
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List of different sources of Tin. Sources
  • Found in Minerals
  • Mining
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Lets check out the facts about history of Tin. History of Tin
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You might be wondering who discovered Tin metal? Who Discovered Tin
Unknown
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Tin metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
Before 3500 BC
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Different types of Tin Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Tin </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • Tin-niobium alloy is used for producing superconducting magnets.
  • Tin salt known as a tin II chloride, it is used as a mordant and as a reducing agent for dyeing calico and silk.
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List of industrial uses of Tin. Industrial Uses
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    Automobile industry requires a very wide variety of raw materials for their production. This metal is used in this industry for making different parts of Automobile.Automobile Industry
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    This metal is used in chemical industry where it is used making different chemical compounds or elements and alloys.Chemical Industry
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    Few metals and minerals are very useful for our diet and hence they are used in food industry.Food Industry
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Biological properties of Tin. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Tin metal. Toxicity
Non Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Tin. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Tin </> More »
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
231.90 °C
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72
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
2,270.00 °C
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48
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Tin is described here. Appearance of Tin
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Physical state or phase of Tin at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Tin metal in nature? Color
Silvery White
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Tin metal. Luster
NA
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
2,730.00 m/s
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32
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Tin. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
Not Available
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Tin are listed here. Chemical Properties of Tin </> More »
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Tin. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Sn
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
1.96
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8
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
1.49
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15
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Tin. Pauling Electropositivity
2.04
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45
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Tin. Atomic Properties of Tin </> More »
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
50
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62
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The electron configuration of Tin is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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The tetragonal crystal structure occur as a result of stretching a cubic lattice along one of its lattice vectors due to which cube becomes a rectangular prism with a square shape at base.Tetragonal (TETR)
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Images of crystal lattice of Tin. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Tin. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Tin can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
140.00 pm
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38
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Tin. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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List of different mechanical properties of Tin metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Tin </> More »
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The density of Tin metal is a relationship between the mass of the Tin atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Tin
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Tin density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
7.37 g/cm3
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54
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Tin is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
18.00 GPa
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36
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Bulk Modulus of Tin is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
58.00 GPa
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20
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Young’s Modulus of Tin is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
50.00 GPa
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36
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Tin. Magnetic Properties of Tin </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Tin. Magnetic Characteristics of Tin
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
7.31
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42
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Magnetic Ordering of Tin defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Tin. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Tin defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Under certain conditions, superconductor metals offer zero resistance to electric current it means this type of metals will conduct electricity without any resistance.Superconductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
115.00 nΩ·m
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28
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Tin. Thermal Properties of Tin </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.23 J/(kg K)
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28
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
66.80 W/m·K
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25
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Tin
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
290.40 kJ/mol
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32
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Tin Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Tin metal is also represented by the symbol Sn. This atomic symbol of Tin is useful in indicating the position of metal Sn in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Tin? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Sn metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Tin

Periodic table of Tin comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Tin metal belongs to Post Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 14, whereas its period number is 5. It is placed under p block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent p block elements.

Tin Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Tin are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Tin is 50 and its atomic weight is 118.71 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2. Nuclear particles in Tin atom are 69 neutrons, 50 protons and 50 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Tin

Physical and chemical characteristics of Tin are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Tin include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery White Solid. It starts melting at 231.90 °C. All these Tin metal properties together define what is Tin?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og