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What is Zinc?

All Metals

Palladium
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Gold
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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Zinc In Periodic Table </>
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It’s an atomic symbol of Zinc which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Zn
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
12
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6
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
4
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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The Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) is part of the American Chemical Society and maintains a database of chemical compounds and sequences. and each element has its unique identification number known as CAS number. CAS Number
7440666
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24
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of the symmetry of the crystal. Space Group Name
P63/mmc
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The crystallographic or Fedorov groups, and represent a description of thesymmetry of the crystal. Space Group Number
194.00
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5
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Zinc, then you are at the right place. Facts about Zinc </>
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Zinc. Interesting Facts
  • Zinc metal found (obtain) in many forms like granules, foil, dust and in a powder form.
  • The leading producers of Zinc metal are Australia, Canada, China, U.S.A and Peru.
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List of different sources of Zinc. Sources
  • Earth's crust
  • Found in Minerals
  • Mining
  • Ores of Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Zinc. History of Zinc
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You might be wondering who discovered Zinc metal? Who Discovered Zinc
Indian metallurgists
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Zinc metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
Before 1000 BCE
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Abundance percentage of Zinc metal at various places. This will give you an idea about its Abundance levels. Abundance of Zinc
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Abundance percentage of Zinc in Universe. Abundance In Universe
0.00 %
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11
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Abundance percentage of Zinc in Sun. Abundance In Sun
0.00 %
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11
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Abundance percentage of Zinc in Meteorites. Abundance In Meteorites
0.02 %
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12
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Abundance percentage of Zinc in Earth’s Crust. Abundance In Earth’s Crust
0.01 %
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16
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Abundance percentage of Zinc in Oceans. Abundance In Oceans
0.00 %
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10
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Abundance percentage of Zinc in Humans. Abundance In Humans
0.00 %
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6
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Different types of Zinc Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Zinc </>
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • It is mainly used for Galvanizing other metals.
  • It is also used for manufacturing die-casting and it is very essential for automobile industry.
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List of industrial uses of Zinc. Industrial Uses
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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List of medical uses of Zinc. Medical Uses
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This metal is used in the pharmaceutical industry and helps to develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals for use as medications.Pharmaceutical Industry
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List of lesser known uses of Zinc metal. Other Uses
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An alloy is a mixture of metals or a mixture of a metal and another element. Alloys of this metals are very useful.Alloys
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Biological properties of Zinc. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Zinc metal. Toxicity
Highly Toxic
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Whether Zinc metal is present in the Human Body? Present in Human Body
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What amount of Zinc is present in human blood normally? In Blood
7.00 Blood/mg dm-3
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6
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What amount of Zinc is present in human bone normally? In Bone
170.00 p.p.m.
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6
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Physical properties or characteristics of Zinc. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Zinc </>
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
419.58 °C
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65
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
907.00 °C
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70
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Zinc is described here. Appearance of Zinc
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Physical state or phase of Zinc at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Zinc metal in nature? Color
Silvery Gray
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Zinc metal. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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Hardness of Zinc which measures how resistant this metals is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied. Hardness of Zinc
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Mohs Hardness of Zinc is a scale for measuring its hardness. Mohs Hardness
2.50
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14
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Brinell Hardness of Zinc is a scale for measuring their hardness. Brinell Hardness
327.00 MPa
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32
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
3,850.00 m/s
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18
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Zinc. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
1.00
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2
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
80.00 %
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5
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Allotropes are different structural modifications of an metals; the atoms of the metals are bonded together with the help of different crystal structure. Allotropes
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these alpha allotropes of this metal are listed here. α Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these beta allotropes of this metal are listed here. β Allotropes
Not Available
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There are usually 3 tyopes of allotropes, out of these gamma allotropes of this metal are listed here. γ Allotropes
Not Available
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Zinc are listed here. Chemical Properties of Zinc </>
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Zinc. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Zn
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Isotopes of Zinc are its variants, which differ in neutron number present in the nucleus. Isotopes of Zinc
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The total number of known Isotopes of this metal. Known Isotopes
25
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14
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
1.65
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19
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
2.23
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6
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Allred Rochow Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allred Rochow Electronegativity
1.66
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7
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Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity
1.65
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11
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Allen Electronegativity is very famous scale to measure Electronegativity. Allen Electronegativity
1.59
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22
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Zinc. Pauling Electropositivity
2.35
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35
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The ionization energy (IE) or the ionization potential is qualitatively defined as the amount of energy required to remove the most loosely bound electron of an isolated gaseous atom to form a cation. Ionization Energies
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1st energy level of Zinc. 1st Energy Level
906.40 kJ/mol
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6
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2nd energy level of Zinc. 2nd Energy Level
1,733.30 kJ/mol
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27
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3rd energy level of Zinc. 3rd Energy Level
3,833.00 kJ/mol
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12
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4th energy level of Zinc. 4th Energy Level
5,731.00 kJ/mol
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11
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5th energy level of Zinc. 5th Energy Level
7,970.00 kJ/mol
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9
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6th energy level of Zinc. 6th Energy Level
10,400.00 kJ/mol
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9
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7th energy level of Zinc. 7th Energy level
12,900.00 kJ/mol
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9
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8th energy level of Zinc. 8th Energy Level
16,800.00 kJ/mol
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6
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9th energy level of Zinc. 9th Energy Level
19,600.00 kJ/mol
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8
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10th energy level of Zinc. 10th Energy Level
23,000.00 kJ/mol
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10
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11th energy level of Zinc. 11th Energy Level
26,400.00 kJ/mol
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11
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12th energy level of Zinc. 12th Energy Level
29,990.00 kJ/mol
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12
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13th energy level of Zinc. 13th Energy Level
40,490.00 kJ/mol
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6
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14th energy level of Zinc. 14th Energy Level
43,800.00 kJ/mol
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6
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15th energy level of Zinc. 15th Energy Level
47,300.00 kJ/mol
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8
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16th energy level of Zinc. 16th Energy Level
52,300.00 kJ/mol
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9
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17th energy level of Zinc. 17th Energy Level
55,900.00 kJ/mol
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10
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18th energy level of Zinc. 18th Energy Level
59,700.00 kJ/mol
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12
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19th energy level of Zinc. 19th Energy Level
67,300.00 kJ/mol
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12
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20th energy level of Zinc. 20th Energy Level
171,200.00 kJ/mol
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3
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21st energy level of Zinc. 21st Energy Level
179,100.00 kJ/mol
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3
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The electrochemical equivalent of a Zinc element is the mass of this element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity. The electrochemical equivalent of an element is measured with a voltameter. Electrochemical Equivalent
1.22 g/amp-hr
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52
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Electron work function of Zinc is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface. Electron Work Function
4.33 eV
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17
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List of all chemical properties/characteristics/behavior of Zinc. Other Chemical Properties
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Anti-corrosion metals have the protection on their surfaces which protect them from corroding in corrosive environments.Anti Corrosion, 
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Stable metals are non radioactive metals and have zero valence electrons in the outer shell.Chemical Stability, 
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.Ionization, 
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Radioactive metals emit particles and radiation from their nuclei. This process comes in the picture because their nuclei experience the intense conflict between two strong forces. This metal also have radioactive isotopes.Radioactive Isotopes
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Zinc. Atomic Properties of Zinc </>
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
30
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77
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The electron configuration of Zinc is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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The hexagonal crystal system consists of the 7 point groups such that all their space groups have the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice. The hexagonal crystal family consists of the 12 point groups such that at least one of their space groups has theHexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
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Images of crystal lattice of Zinc. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Information about number of Electrons, protons and neutrons present inside the atom of Zinc Metal. Atom of Zinc
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Number of protons present in the nucleus of Zinc. Number of Protons
30
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76
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Number of neutrons present in the nucleus of Zinc. Number of Neutrons
35
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59
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Number of Electrons present inside the atom of Zinc. Number of Electrons
30
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76
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Radius of an Atom of Zinc. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Zinc can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
134.00 pm
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43
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The covalent radius of Zinc can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Covalent Radius
122.00 pm
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52
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The Van der Waals Radius of Zinc can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Van der Waals Radius
139.00 pm
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45
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The atomic weight is the average of the isotope weights weighted for the isotope distribution and expressed on the 12C scale. Atomic Weight
65.38 amu
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71
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Atomic Volume of Zinc means volume of its atoms. Atomic Volume
9.20 cm3/mol
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52
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Zinc. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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The valence electron is an electron that is associated with an atom, and that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond. Valence Electron Potential
38.90 (-eV)
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48
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The lattice constant, or lattice parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit cells in a crystal lattice. Lattice Constant
266.49 pm
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68
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The lengths of the edges of a unit cell and the angles between them are called the Lattice angle. Lattice Angles
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
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It’s a ratio of Lattice constant by Lattice angle. Lattice C/A Ratio
Not Available
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List of different mechanical properties of Zinc metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Zinc </>
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The density of Zinc metal is a relationship between the mass of the Zinc atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Zinc
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Zinc density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
7.14 g/cm3
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59
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Zinc density When at liquid state (at m.p.). Density When Liquid (at m.p.)
6.57 g/cm3
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37
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Tensile strength is a measurement of the force required to pull something such as rope, wire, or a structural beam to the point where it breaks. Tensile Strength
Not Available
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. Viscosity
Not Available
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system. Vapor Pressure of Zinc
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Zinc is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
43.00 GPa
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18
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Bulk Modulus of Zinc is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
70.00 GPa
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19
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Young’s Modulus of Zinc is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
108.00 GPa
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19
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Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. Poisson Ratio
0.25
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24
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Whether Zinc exhibits properties like ductility , malleability, weldability, sectility, etc. Other Mechanical Properties
NA
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Zinc. Magnetic Properties of Zinc </>
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Different Magnetic significance of Zinc. Magnetic Characteristics of Zinc
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
6.90
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49
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Magnetic Ordering of Zinc defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Zinc. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Zinc defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
59.00 nΩ·m
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40
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Electrical conductivity is the measure of a material’s ability to accommodate the transport of an electric charge. Electrical Conductivity
0.17 106/cm Ω
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12
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Electron affinity is defined as the change in energy (in kJ/mole) of a neutral atom (in the gaseous phase) when an electron is added to the atom to form a negative ion. Electron Affinity
0.00 kJ/mol
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40
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Zinc. Thermal Properties of Zinc </>
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.39 J/(kg K)
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14
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The molar heat capacity is the heat capacity per unit amount (SI unit: mole) of a pure substance. Molar Heat Capacity
25.47 J/mol·K
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39
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
116.00 W/m·K
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14
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The critical temperature of a substance is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Critical Temperature
Not Available
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Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer. Thermal Expansion
30.20 µm/(m·K)
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11
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Zinc
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
7.32 kJ/mol
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60
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The enthalpy of fusion also known as (latent) heat of fusion is the change in enthalpy resulting from heating a given quantity of a substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid. The temperature at which this occurs is the melting point. Enthalpy of Fusion
7.32 kJ/mol
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44
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The enthalpy of atomization (also atomisation in British spelling) is the enthalpy change that accompanies the total separation of all atoms in a chemical substance (either a chemical element or a chemical compound). Enthalpy of Atomization
129.70 kJ/mol
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55
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The standard molar entropy is the entropy content of one mole of substance, under standard conditions (not standard temperature and pressure). Standard Molar Entropy
41.60 J/mol.K
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36
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Zinc Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Zinc metal is also represented by the symbol Zn. This atomic symbol of Zinc is useful in indicating the position of metal Zn in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Zinc? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Zn metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Zinc

Periodic table of Zinc comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Zinc metal belongs to Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 12, whereas its period number is 4. It is placed under d block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent d block elements.

Zinc Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Zinc are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Zinc is 30 and its atomic weight is 65.38 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Ar] 3d10 4s2. Nuclear particles in Zinc atom are 35 neutrons, 30 protons and 30 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Zinc

Physical and chemical characteristics of Zinc are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Zinc include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery Gray Solid. It starts melting at 419.58 °C. All these Zinc metal properties together define what is Zinc?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og