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What is Zinc?

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Periodic table of chemical elements is an arrangement of elements in the form of rows (period) and columns (Group). They are arranged with respect to their atomic numbers and similar characteristics. Zinc In Periodic Table </> More »
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It’s an atomic symbol of Zinc which helps identifying it in periodic table. Symbol
Zn
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Group number of Metals is vertical column number in periodic table. Group Number
12
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6
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Period number is a horizontal row number of Metals in periodic table. Period Number
4
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Periodic table is subdivided into 4 blocks i.e p-block, d-block, s-block and f-block. Block
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The d-block is on the middle of the periodic table and includes elements from columns 3 through 12. These elements are also known as the transition metals because they show a transitivity in their properties i.e. they show a trend in their properties.d block
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Metals belongs to the subcategory of periodic table. Different element families exist in this table. For example, Alkali metals, Transition metals, alkaline earth metals, post-transition metals, Lanthanide & Actinide series metals. Element Family
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What is Transition Metal? All transition metals are placed under the d-block from group number 3 to 12. Transition metals show characteristics like malleability, ductility and are good conductor of electricity.Transition Metal
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Want to know Interesting and lesser known facts about Zinc, then you are at the right place. Facts about Zinc </> More »
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Bunch of Interesting facts about Zinc. Interesting Facts
  • Zinc metal found (obtain) in many forms like granules, foil, dust and in a powder form.
  • The leading producers of Zinc metal are Australia, Canada, China, U.S.A and Peru.
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List of different sources of Zinc. Sources
  • Earth's crust
  • Found in Minerals
  • Mining
  • Ores of Minerals
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Lets check out the facts about history of Zinc. History of Zinc
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You might be wondering who discovered Zinc metal? Who Discovered Zinc
Indian metallurgists
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Zinc metal’s discovery period. Because we think most of the metals are discovered by our ant-sisters but is it really true? Let’s Find out then! Discovery
Before 1000 BCE
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Different types of Zinc Uses and benefits are listed down below. Uses of Zinc </> More »
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Uses & Benefits Uses & Benefits
  • It is mainly used for Galvanizing other metals.
  • It is also used for manufacturing die-casting and it is very essential for automobile industry.
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List of industrial uses of Zinc. Industrial Uses
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    As the metals are good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal is used in electrical industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electrical Industry
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    Metals good are conductor of heat and electricity. Metals are used in electronic industry where usually it is used in manufacturing different components, gadgets or wires, etc.Electronic Industry
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Biological properties of Zinc. Biological Properties
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Toxicity level of Zinc metal. Toxicity
Highly Toxic
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Physical properties or characteristics of Zinc. These properties are mostly related to its appearance and surface. Physical Properties of Zinc </> More »
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The temperature at which Metals metal starts melting. Melting Point
419.58 °C
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65
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The temperature at which Metals starts boiling. Not literally it is a temperature point at which it converts to vapors. Boiling Point
907.00 °C
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70
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Physical appearance or look and feel of Zinc is described here. Appearance of Zinc
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Physical state or phase of Zinc at room temperature. Physical State
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At room temperature almost all metal are found in solid physical sate but only the mercury element found in liquid state.Solid
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One might wonder, what is the exact color of Zinc metal in nature? Color
Silvery Gray
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Metals generally exhibit a metallic luster! Lets check out the look and feel of Zinc metal. Luster
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Metals are hard/soft and have different type of luster. Here we present you a list metals and these metals exhibit metallic luster.Metallic
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The speed of sound is the distance traveled per unit time by a sound wave propagating through an elastic medium. Speed of Sound
3,850.00 m/s
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18
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Optical properties related to refractive index & the reflectivity parameters of Zinc. Optical Properties
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Its an optical property, the refractive index or index of refraction of an optical medium is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium. Refractive Index
1.00
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2
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Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy. Here you will get to know how much is the reflectivity percentage of this metal. Reflectivity
80.00 %
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5
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Chemical properties or characteristics of Zinc are listed here. Chemical Properties of Zinc </> More »
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Chemical formula or atomic symbol of Zinc. This symbol is very useful while mentioning chemical reactions and equations of this metals. Chemical Formula
Zn
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Electronegativity
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Pauling Electronegativity is very popular scale to measure Electronegativity of metals. Pauling Electronegativity
1.65
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19
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Sanderson Electronegativity is another scale to measure the Electronegativity of metals. Sanderson Electronegativity
2.23
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6
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Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. Opposite of that is known as Electropositivity. Electropositivity
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Pauling Electropositivity is scale used to mesure Electropositivity of Zinc. Pauling Electropositivity
2.35
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35
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Detailed information about the atomic structure of Zinc. Atomic Properties of Zinc </> More »
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Atomic number of Metals is the number of protons present in the atom of Metals metal. Atomic Number
30
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77
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The electron configuration of Zinc is the distribution of its electrons in atom or molecule in atomic or molecular orbitals. Electron Configuration
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
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In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. There are different types of Crystal structure exhibited by metals. Crystal Structure
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The hexagonal crystal system consists of the 7 point groups such that all their space groups have the hexagonal lattice as underlying lattice. The hexagonal crystal family consists of the 12 point groups such that at least one of their space groups has theHexagonal Close Packed (HCP)
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Images of crystal lattice of Zinc. It is a symmetrical three-dimensional arrangement of atoms inside a crystal. Crystal Lattice
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Radius of an Atom of Zinc. Different radius measures are listed below. Radius of an Atom
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The atomic radius of Zinc can be defined as a measure of the size of its atoms. Atomic Radius
134.00 pm
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43
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It will let know the previous and next atomic number of Zinc. Adjacent Atomic Numbers
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Previous atomic number metal. For eg. If the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the previous atomic number belongs to Platinum which is 78. Previous Element
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Next atomic number metal. For eg. if the atomic number of Gold is 79 then the next atomic number belongs to Mercury which is 80. Next Element
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List of different mechanical properties of Zinc metal. These properties test the mechanical strength of this metal. Mechanical Properties of Zinc </> More »
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The density of Zinc metal is a relationship between the mass of the Zinc atom and how much space it takes up (volume). Density of Zinc
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Zinc density at room temperature. Density At Room Temperature
7.14 g/cm3
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59
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How much it will compress under a given amount of external pressure, that can be found with the help of its elasticity modulus. Elasticity properties
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Shear Modulus of Zinc is a measure of its elastic properties. Shear Modulus
43.00 GPa
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18
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Bulk Modulus of Zinc is a measure of its elastic properties. Bulk Modulus
70.00 GPa
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19
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Young’s Modulus of Zinc is a measure of its elastic properties. Young’s Modulus
108.00 GPa
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19
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List of different magnetic properties and characteristics of Zinc. Magnetic Properties of Zinc </> More »
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Different Magnetic significance of Zinc. Magnetic Characteristics of Zinc
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Specific Gravity
6.90
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49
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Magnetic Ordering of Zinc defines its magnetic orientation (nature) and magnetic type. Magnetic Ordering
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Diamagnetic metals produce a magnetic field opposite to the applied magnetic field. Thus, they are repelled by magnets and show magnetic nature.Diamagnetic
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List of different electrical properties and significance of Zinc. Electrical Properties
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Electrical property or nature of Zinc defines its electrical orientation and electrical type. Electrical Property
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Conductor metals have very low resistance to electric currents. They can easily conduct electric current through them.Conductor
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Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current. Resistivity
59.00 nΩ·m
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40
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Thermal characteristic and the concepts thermodynamics of Zinc. Thermal Properties of Zinc </> More »
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The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat
0.39 J/(kg K)
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14
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Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. Thermal Conductivity
116.00 W/m·K
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14
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Enthalpy is the sum of the internal energy and the product of pressure and volume given by the equation. Enthalpy of Zinc
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The enthalpy of vaporization, also known as the heat of vaporization, is the enthalpy change required to transform a given quantity of a substance from a liquid into a gas at a given pressure. Enthalpy of Vaporization
7.32 kJ/mol
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60
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Zinc Metal

Metals have been an inseparable component of major civilizations since centuries. Although metals were utilized since time unknown, researchers put considerable efforts in giving them appropriate names and defining their different properties and characteristics. This nomenclature process helped in arranging these metals in a well-organized fashion, known as the periodic table. In this periodic table, Zinc metal is also represented by the symbol Zn. This atomic symbol of Zinc is useful in indicating the position of metal Zn in the periodic table. If you are curious-headed or a science-geek, the common questions about metals are What is Zinc? What are its physical, chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties? Find all the relevant facts about Zn metals in the following sections.

Periodic Table of Zinc

Periodic table of Zinc comments over its position in the periodic table, on the basis of parameters like group number, period row, atomic number and orbital block. The metals which have electrons falling in the same sub-shell are grouped under the same block corresponding to its respective orbital. Zinc metal belongs to Transition Metals category of the periodic table. Metals down a group have same valency while metals across a period have the same number of shells. Its group number (column number) is 12, whereas its period number is 4. It is placed under d block of the periodic table & is one of the prominent d block elements.

Zinc Metal Properties

Metals have certain properties by which they can be distinguished from one another. Magnetic and Atomic Structure of Zinc are few widely searched properties. Using the comparison facility, you can not only view the individual metal properties, but also compare the properties of multiple metals to get a thorough comparative analysis between the metals of your choice. Atomic number is a basic building block for the arrangement of metals in the periodic table. Atomic number of Zinc is 30 and its atomic weight is 65.38 amu. The electrons in its atom are arranged in orbitals as [Ar] 3d10 4s2. Nuclear particles in Zinc atom are 35 neutrons, 30 protons and 30 electrons.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Zinc

Physical and chemical characteristics of Zinc are two major criteria while comparing this metal with other metals. Physical Properties of Zinc include its external appearance, shininess at surface, color, etc. Properties like density, viscosity, melting and boiling point are also covered in this section. At room temperature, this metal is a Silvery Gray Solid. It starts melting at 419.58 °C. All these Zinc metal properties together define what is Zinc?

Modern Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table
Group →

Period ↓

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

H

2

3

La-Lu
Ac-Lr

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

B

14

C
Si
Ge

15

N
P
As
Sb

16

O
S
Se
Te

17

F
Cl
Br
I
At

18

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
Og